On the Number 38

1) 38 is the sum of the squares of the first three prime numbers:
38 = 22 + 32 + 52 = 4 + 9 + 25
2) 38 = 2 x 19
38 = 8 + 9 + 10 + 11
In Hong Kong, 38 is a lucky number and car registration like 3838 are much in
demand from business people. In Cantonese the word for 3 is pronounced 'sam'
which is also the Cantonese word for life. Similarly, 8 is pronounced 'fa' which is
also the word for wealth. So lucky 38 should bring you a long and wealthy life.
(Source: Richard Phillips, Numbers: facts, figures and fiction, Cambridge University Press (1994) p. 37)
3)
 38 can be written as the sum of two odd numbers in 10 different ways:     38 =   1 + 37          =   3 + 35          =   5 + 33          =   7 + 31          =   9 + 39          = 11 + 27          = 13 + 25          = 15 + 23          = 17 + 21          = 19 + 19 Note each of the ten pairs of odd numbers contains at least one prime number (shown in bold). Thus, 38 cannot be written as sum of 2 composite odd numbers. (Source: Derrick Niederman, Number Freak, 2009, p. 124) 4) Magic 38 Hexagon In the magic hexagon above, the numbers in the five columns, five left-slanting rows & five right-slanting rows add up to 38. It was constructed by retired railroad clerk Clifford Adams (1957), who passed it to Martin Gardner at Scientifc American. (Source: Derrick Niederman, Number Freak, 2009, p. 125) Image Source: Hall of Hexagons (drking.org.uk); mathworld.wolfram.com
5)
 17 4 3 14 6 11 12 9 10 7 8 13 5 16 15 2
4x4 Magic Square Adding to 38
In Albrecht Dürer's 1514 engraving Melencolia I,
his 4x4 Magic Square adds up to 34 horizontally,
vertically, diagonally, as well as in all the four
magic square
. Adding 1 to each number in Dürer's
Magic Square, everything now adds up to 38.
Other magic squares adding to 38 are found at
Riding the Beast and Rhapsody in Numbers.
Image Source: Vertigo & Melencolia (wisdomportal.com)

Magic Square in
Dürer's Melencolia I
6)
 38 Slots in American Roulette Wheel Image Source: Wikimedia Commons American Roulette Wheel has 38 numbers from 1-36 and two green pockets numbered 0 (zero) and 00 (double zero). European roulette has 37 slots with one 0 (zero). Roulette is a casino game named after a French diminutive for little wheel. In the game, players may choose to place bets on either a single number or a range of numbers, the colors red or black, or whether the number is odd or even. To determine the winning number and color, a croupier spins a wheel in one direction, then spins a ball in the opposite direction around a tilted circular track running around the circumference of the wheel. The ball eventually loses momentum and falls onto the wheel and into one of 37 (in French/European roulette) or 38 (in American roulette) colored and numbered pockets on the wheel. Cloth covered betting area on a roulette table is known as the layout. Roulette wheel number sequence for Double-zero wheel: 0-28-9-26-30-11-7-20-32-17-5-22-34-15-3-24-36-13-1- 00-27-10-25-29-12-8-19-31-18-6-21-33-16-4-23-35-14-2. Roulette wheel number sequence for Single-zero wheel: 0-32-15-19-4-21-2-25-17-34-6-27-13-36-11-30-8-23- 10-5-24-16-33-1-20-14-31-9-22-18-29-7-28-12-35-3-26. Photo Source: French Roulette Wheel (roulette-strategy.eu)
7)
 38 inches in a cricket bat 38 Inches in Cricket Bat: A cricket bat is a specialised piece of equipment used by batsmen in the sport of cricket to hit the ball, typically consisting of a cane handle attached to a flat-fronted willow-wood blade. The length of the bat may be no more than 38 inches (965 mm) and the width no more than 4.25 inches (108 mm). Bats typically weigh from 2 lb 7 oz to 3 lb (1.2 to 1.4 kg). The bat is made of White Willow (Salix alba) treated with raw linseed oil. Its use is first mentioned in 1624. Image Source: Cricket Bat (commons.wikipedia.org)
8)
 State Flag of Colorado Colorado became the 38th state to join the Union On August 1, 1876, Colorado became 38th state to join the Union when President Ulysses Grant signed a proclamation of statehood. President Andrew Johnson vetoed its first bid. Colorado is known as the Centennial State because it won statehood the same year the United States celebrated its centennial. The name Colorado came from the belief at the time that the Colorado River originated there. Colorado's motto: Nil sine numine (Nothing without providence). It is 8th largest & 22nd most populous of the 50 United States, with Denver as its capital. Image Source: Colorado Flag & Seal (wikipedia.org) State Seal of Colorado
9)
 38th Parallel North 38th Parallel North 38th Parallel North is a circle of latitude that is 38 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean. The 38th parallel north formed the border between North & South Korea prior to the Korean War. At this latitude sun is visible for 14 hours, 48 minutes during summer solstice & 9 hours, 32 minutes during winter solstice. Images: 38th Parallel North (wikipedia.org); Korea (awm.gov.au) 38th Parallel
10) United States Cities with 38o Latitude
Charleston, West Virginia: 38o 21'
Louisville, Kentucky: 38o 15'
Richfield, Utah: 38o 46'
Sacramento, California: 38o 35'
St. Louis, Missouri: 38o 35'
Washington, D.C.: 38o 53'
Source: Latitude & Longitude of U.S. Cities (infoplease.com)
11) Atomic Number of Strontium (Sr) = 38 with 38 protons & 38 electrons
12)
 M38 Open Cluster Galaxy Messier 38 Open Cluster Galaxy Messier 38 (also known as M38 or NGC 1912) is an open cluster in the Auriga constellation. It was discovered by Giovanni Batista Hodierna before 1654 and independently found by Le Gentil in 1749. M36 and M37, also discovered by Hodierna, are grouped together with M38 at a distance of about 3,420 light years away from Earth. The cluster's brightest stars form a pattern resembling the Greek letter Pi or, according to Webb, an "oblique cross." Photo Source: Messier 38 (wikipedia.org)
13)
 NGC 38 Galaxy NGC 38 Galaxy NGC 38 (also known as MCG-1-1-47, Stephan XII, or PGC 818) is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces. Its helio radial velocity is 8035 km/sec. Photo Source: NGC 38 (wikipedia.org)
14)
 Turkish Van Cat Cat Has 38 Chromosomes Most cats have 38 chromosomes, although some cat species in South America have only 36 chromosomes, from the ocelot lineage. Organisms by chromosome count: Animals with 38 chromosomes: American Marten, Baja California Ratsnake, Cat, European Mink, Lion, Pig, Raccoon, Sable, Sea Otter, Tiger Photo Source: Turkish Van Cat (wikipedia.org)
15)
 Queen Elizabeth Rose Queen Elizabeth Rose has 38 Petals Queen Elizabeth Rose Bred by Dr. Walter E. Lammerts (U.S., 1954) Floribunda, Grandiflora, Hybrid Tea; Pink, Moderate Fragrance, 38-40 petals; Average diameter 4"; Height 5' to 10'; Tall, bushy,thornless, upright, Large, glossy, green leathery foliage. Photo Source: Queen Elizabeth Rose (helpmefind.com)
16) The 38th day of the year = February 7
(Writer Charles Dickens (1812-1870) was born in Landport, Hampshire, England, on February 7, 1812.)
17)
 Northrop T-38 Talon Training Plane T-38 Training Plane Shoots Down F-22 Raptor Northrop T-38 Talon is a two-seat, twin-engined supersonic jet trainer. It was the world's first supersonic trainer and is also the most produced. The T-38 remains in service as of 2014 in air forces throughout the world. Characteristics: Length 46 ft., 4.5 in.; Wingspan 25 ft, 3 in.; Height 12 ft, 10.5 in.; Performance: Maximum speed 858 mph, Range 1140 miles; Climb rate 33,600 ft/min. Video that apparently shows a T-38 training fighter shooting down the theoretically invincible F-22 Raptor in a combat training exercise— first kill documented ever. Photo Source: T-38 Training Plane (freerepublic.com)
18)
 C38 Class Locomotive New South Wales C38 class locomotive C38 class was a class of steam locomotives built for the New South Wales Government Railways in Australia. Built between January 1943 and November 1949, the 30 locomotives in the class were designed to haul express trains. They were the only New South Wales locomotives to use the popular Pacific 4-6-2 wheel arrangement and were the last steam locomotives built for passenger train operation, all subsequent deliveries being specifically for freight haulage. First run: Jan. 22, 1943; Last run: Dec. 29, 1970. 3801 featured in the 1974 short film A Steam Train Passes. Photo: 3801 on a Newcastle Flyer charter in October 2005. Photo Source: C38 Class Locomotive (wikipedia.org)
19) 38th hexagram of the I Ching: K'uei / Opposition
 THE IMAGE Above, fire; below. The lake. The image of OPPOSITION. Thus amid all fellowship The superior man retains his individuality. — King Wên & Duke of Chou     I Ching: Book of Changes (circa 1000 B.C.)     Richard Wilhelm & Cary F. Baynes Translation, 1950     Image Source: Hexagram 38 (wikipedia.org)
20)
 King David, Israel #399 (issued Sept. 24, 1969) Psalms 38—   1 O lord, rebuke me not in thy wrath: neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.   2 For thine arrows stick fast in me, and thy hand presseth me sore.   3 There is no soundness in my flesh because of thine anger;      neither is there any rest in my bones because of my sin.   4 For mine iniquities are gone over mine head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me.   5 My wounds stink and are corrupt because of my foolishness.   6 I am troubled; I am bowed down greatly; I go mourning all the day long   9 Lord, all my desire is before thee; and my groaning is not hid from thee. 11 My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen stand afar off. 15 For in thee, O LORD, do I hope: thou wilt hear, O Lord my God. 17 For I am ready to halt, and my sorrow is continually before me. 18 For I will declare mine iniquity; I will be sorry for my sin. 21 Forsake me not, O LORD: O my God, be not far from me. 22 Make haste to help me, O Lord my salvation. — King David (1085 BC-1015 BC), Psalms 38      Image Source: Israel #399 (wisdomportal.com)
21)
 Lao Tzu (604 BC-517 BC) Portrait by Jing Bin Verse 38 of Hua Hu Ching Why scurry about looking for the truth? It vibrates in every thing and every not-thing, right off the tip of your nose. Can you be still and see it in the mountain? the pine tree? yourself? Don't imagine that you'll discover it by accumulating more knowledge. Knowledge creates doubt, and doubt makes you ravenous for more knowledge. You can't get full eating this way. The wise person dines on something more subtle: He eats the understanding that the named was born from unnamed, that all being flows from non- being, that the describable world emanates from an indescribable source. He finds this subtle truth inside his own self, and becomes completely content. So who can be still and watch the chess game of the world? The foolish are always making impulsive moves, but the wise know that victory and defeat are decided by something more subtle. They see that something perfect exists before any move is made. This subtle perfection deteriorates when artificial actions are taken, so be content not to disturb the peace. Remain quiet. Discover the harmony in your own being. Embrace it. If you can do this, you will gain everything, and the world will become healthy again. If you can't, you will be lost in the shadows forever. — Lao Tzu (604 BC-517 BC), Hua Hue Ching,     Translated by Brian Walker, Verse 38,     Hua Hu Ching, HarperOne (2009),     Image Source: Lao Tzu Portrait (orientaloutpost.com)
22)
 Lao Tzu (604 BC-517 BC) Verse 38 of Tao Te Ching The Master does nothing, yet he leaves nothing undone. The ordinary man is always doing things, yet many more are left to be done. Therefore the Master concerns himself with the depths and not the surface, with the fruit and not the flower. He has no will of his own. He dwells in reality, and lets all illusions go. — Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, Verse 38     Translated by Stephen Mitchell,     Tao Te Ching, HarperCollins (1988)      Image Source: Lao Tzu (wisdomportal.com)
23)
 Chao Chou (778-897) Woodcut (1880) Saying 38 of Chao Chou A monk asked, "What is the essence of essences?" Joshu said, "How long have you been essencing yourself up?" The monk said, "I have been concerned with essence for a long time." Joshu said, "He is lucky to have met me. The fool was almost essenced out." — Radical Zen: The Sayings of Joshu     Translated with commentary by Yoel Hoffman     Autumn Press, Brookline, Mass., 1978, p. 26     The Chinese Zen Master Chao Chou (Japanese: Joshu) (778-897) lived to almost 120 years. He was enlightened by Nansen (745-835) at an early age, then travelled throughout China, visiting prominent Chan masters to polish his awakening. Finally, at the age of 80, settling in Guanyinyuan, a ruined temple in northern China. There, for the next 40 years, he taught a small group of monks. Joshu said: “If you are asked, 'What does Joshu teach?' just say, 'When cold-cold, when hot-hot.'” Image Source: Chao Chou (wikipedia.org)
24)
 Wang Yang Ming Harvard Fogg Art Museum I said, "Humanity, righteousness, propriety, and wisdom are so called because they express the qualities of the mind after the feelings are aroused."     The Teacher said, "Correct." On a later occasion I said, "Are the sense of commiseration, the sense of shame and dislike, the sense of deference and compliance, and the sense of right and wrong manifestations of man's nature?"     The Teacher said, "Humility, righteousness, propriety, and wisdom are also manifestations. Nature is one. As physical form or body it is called nature. As master of the creative process it is called the Lord. In its universal operation it is called destiny. As endowment in man it is called man's nature. As master of man's body it is called the mind. When it emanates from the mind we have filial piety when it is applied to the father, loyalty when it is applied to the ruler, and so on to infinity. All this is only one nature. Similarly, man is only one. He is called the son with respect to the father, or the father with respect to the son, and so on to infinity. Man is only one. We must direct our effort to our nature. If we distinctly understand what nature is, all ten thousand principles will become crystal clear." — Wang Yang Ming (1472-1529)     Instructions for Practical Living (1518), Part I, Paragraph 38     Translated by Wing-tsit Chan, Columbia University Press, NY, 1963, pp. 34-35.
25)
 William Shakespeare (1564-1616) wrote the Comedies: Twelfth Night & All's Well That Ends Well (1602) at age 38. Shakespeare invokes the 10th Muse in his Sonnet XXXVIII—     How can my muse want subject to invent,     While thou dost breathe, that pour'st into my verse     Thine own sweet argument, too excellent     For every vulgar paper to rehearse?     O! give thy self the thanks, if aught in me     Worthy perusal stand against thy sight;     For who's so dumb that cannot write to thee,     When thou thy self dost give invention light?     Be thou the tenth Muse, ten times more in worth     Than those old nine which rhymers invocate;     And he that calls on thee, let him bring forth     Eternal numbers to outlive long date.         If my slight muse do please these curious days,         The pain be mine, but thine shall be the praise. Image Source: Shakespeare (shakespeare.mit.edu) William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
26) 38th Poem of Emily Dickinson:
 By such and such an offering To Mr. So and So, The web of live woven— So martyrs albums show! — Emily Dickinson (1830-1886)     Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson     (edited by Thomas H. Johnson, 1955) Emily Dickinson: United States #1436 8¢ multicolor, greenish, (issued Aug. 28, 1971) Image Source: U.S. #1436 (wisdomportal.com)
27)
 Wei Wu Wei (1895-1987) Section 38 from Wei Wu Wei's Why Lazarus Laughed (1960) The Three Known Dimensions are External: The Fourth is Within the Mind Since there are no 'things' we nevertheless conceive of three directions of measurement in order to measure our mind-created projections, but further directions of measurement can only be conceived as within the mind itself.     Dimensions do not lie in a mind-made Universe, but in the aspect of mind that seeks to interpret it.     So-called spiritual experience is the development of a further dimension in the mind. By the cultivation of intuition this new direction of measurement is explored.     The Sages, the Masters, are men who are able to use a further dimension of mind which is present in all of us. — Wei Wu Wei (1895-1987)     Why Lazarus Laughed: The Essential Doctrine Zen-Advaita-Tantra (1960),     Sentient Publications, Boulder, Colorado, 2003, p. 47 (Section 38)     (Original Publication: Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1960)     Image Source: Wei Wu Wei (wisdomportal.com)
28) At Age 38— William Harvey discovered the circulation of blood in London (1616)
 William Harvey (1578-1657) Great Britain 2814a stamp (issued June 15, 2010) William Harvey was a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, and personal physician to both King James I and Charles I. As a medical pioneer William Harvey was the first person to give an accurate explanation of how the heart functions and how blood moves around the body. Harvey's theories were published in An Anatomical Study of the Motion of the Heart and of the Blood in Animals in 1628 (12 years later at age 50). Harvey had gone from England to Padua, Italy, then the world center of medical research. He gained his M.D. there at age 24 under Hieronymus Fabricius, a pioneering anatomist and surgeon, known in medical science as "The Father of Embryology". After his death the William Harvey Hospital was constructed in the town of Ashford, several miles from his birthplace of Folkestone. Reference: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), "At age 38", pp. 262-263; Image Source: William Harvey stamp (collectgbstamps.co.uk)
29) At Age 38— Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz publishes his Calculus (1684)
 Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716) Germany 360, 40 pf issued 1926 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (7/1/1646-11/14/1716) was a German polymathic genius, scientist, mathematician and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. Most scholars believe Leibniz developed calculus independently of Isaac Newton. Leibniz's notation of the integral symbol has been widely used ever since it was published (1684). He became one of the most prolific inventors in the field of mechanical calculators. While working on adding automatic multiplication and division to Pascal's calculator, he was the first to describe a pinwheel calculator in 1685 and invented the Leibniz wheel, used in the arithmometer, the first mass-produced mechanical calculator. In his last letter, Leibniz wrote to Czar Peter the Great that the ancient Chinese wisdom book I Ching with its 64 hexagrams composed of yin & yang lines inspired him to invent a new math—the binary numbers of 0 & 1, which form the basis of computer technology. The I Ching's 64 hexagrams may be linked to 64 codons in DNA's genetic code (DNA and the I Ching, I Ching & the Genetic Code, Analogy, Connection). The only record of Descartes' Dreams of November 10, 1619 is in Leibniz's handwriting at Hanover Library. Reference: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), "At age 38", p. 264; Image Source: Germany 360 stamp (commons.wikimedia.org)
30) At Age 38— Johann Sebastian Bach becomes music director at Leipzig (1723)
 J. S. Bach Germany 361, 50 pf issued 1926 Johann Sebastian Bach (3/21/1685-7/28/1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He enriched established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic & motivic organisation, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach's compositions include Brandenburg Concertos, Goldberg Variations, the Mass in B minor, two Passions, and over 300 sacred cantatas of which 190 survive. His music is revered for its technical command, artistic beauty, and intellectual depth. At age 38, Bach becomes music director at Thomas School, Leipzig (April 22, 1723). This is the beginning of his major period in choral compositions— almost the first item is the St. John Passion. He maintains this job for the rest of his life, dying at 65 in Leipzig. Bach's devout relationship with the Christian God in the Lutheran tradition and the high demand for religious music of his times placed sacred music at the centre of his repertory. Reference: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), "At age 38", p. 266; Image Source: Germany 361 stamp (commons.wikimedia.org)
31) At Age 38— Jean-Jaques Rousseau's essay Discourse on the Arts and Sciences wins prize (1750)
 Jean-Jaques Rousseau (1712-1778) France 813 stamp (issued Nov. 10,1956) Jean-Jacques Rousseau (6/28/1712-7/2/1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as overall development of modern political, sociological, and educational thought. At 38, Rousseau enjoys sudden overnight fame (1750) on receiving a prize for an essay Discourse on the Arts and Sciences, which attacks developments in art & science. Previously, he has to work in obscurity, supporting himself as a waiter, secretary, and gigolo. Now, his self-evaluation (genius) is confirmed by the outside world. About his "break" Rousseau later comments: "I surrendered myself completely and unreservedly to the pleasure of savoring my glory." Rousseau opens his discourse with a quote in Latin from Horace's On the Art of Poetry (l. 25): "We are deceived by the appearance of right." Voltaire's "Poem on the Lisbon Earthquake" (1755)— "Lisbon is destroyed, and they dance in Paris!" elicited Rousseau's "Letter to Voltaire" (August 18, 1756)— "For me, I see everywhere that the misfortunes nature imposes upon us are less cruel than those which we add to them." Rousseau's Émile (1762) served as the inspiration for what became a new national system of education during the French Revolution. His The Social Contract (1762) argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate; only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right. My favorite work is Rousseau's Reveries of the Solitary Walker (1782) translated by Peter French (1980). Reference: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), "At age 38", pp. 263-264; Image Source: Rousseau stamp (philatelia.net)
32) At Age 38— Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death!" Speech (1775)
 Peter F. Rothermel's Painting Patrick Henry Before Virginia House of Burgesses (1851) Heroic speech (1775) Patrick Henry (5/29/1736-6/6/1799) was an American attorney, planter & politician who became known as an orator during the independence movement in Virginia in 1770s. A Founding Father, he served as the 1st and 6th post-colonial Governor of Virginia (1776-1779) & (1784-1786). Henry led the opposition to the Stamp Act 1765. He is best remembered for his "Give me liberty, or give me death!" speech, on March 23, 1775, at 2nd Virginia Convention, St. John's Church in Richmond, Viginia. The 120 delegates included two future U.S. Presidents, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. Patrick Henry supported a militia against King George III, and, with his fiery speech swayed the vote— "Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace— but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!" Thomas Marshall told his son John Marshall (later Supreme Court Chief Justice), that it was "one of the most bold, vehement and animated pieces of eloquence that had ever been delivered." Reference: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), "At age 38", pp. 263 Photo Source: Patrick Henry's Speech (wikipedia.org)
33) At Age 38— Goethe's Epiphanies in Rome (1787-1788)
 Goethe in the Campagna (1786) by Wilhelm Tischbein Goethe Museum, Frankfurt Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) Germany #B306 semi-postal (issued August 28, 1949) Italian Journey by Wolfgang von Goethe Penguin Classics (1992)
Five days before his 38th birthday (August 23, 1787), Goethe had an epiphany by Michelangelo's Sistine Ceiling.
He writes to Herder on his 38th birthday (August 28, 1787)— "How wonderful it is to sow in order to reap!... In the field
of natural history, I shall have things to show and tell you which will surprise you. I believe I have come very close to
the truth about the how of the organism. I hope you will rejoice when you hear about these manifestations of our God,
and you must tell me who, in ancient or more recent times, has made similar discoveries or thought along the same lines.
Journal: February 22, 1788— I am cheerful and working hard, while I wait to see what the future will bring. I realize more clearly every day that I was really born to be a poet, and that in the next ten years, which are all, at most, which I shall be allowed to work in, I must cultivate this talent and produce something good. The time when the fire of youth enabled me to accomplish things without much study is now over; I shall have the benefits of my long sojourn in Rome to look back upon, even though I shall have to give up practising the visual arts.
— Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), Italian Journey (1786-1788), pp. 377, 472
translated by W. H. Auden & Elizabeth Mayer, Schocken Books, NY, 1968
Image Source: Tischbein's Goethe (wisdomportal.com); Germany B306 (wisdomportal.com); Italian Journey (wisdomportal.com)
34) At Age 38— Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes Essays (1841)
 Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) Ralph Waldo Emerson (5/25/1803-4/27/1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, & poet, who led the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century. He was a champion of individualism and prescient critic of the countervailing pressures of society, and he disseminated his thoughts through dozens of published essays and more than 1,500 public lectures across the United States. He wrote most of his important essays as lectures first, then revised them for print. Essays: First Series (1841) was published at age 38. The book contains "History", "Self-Reliance", "Compensation", "Spiritual Laws", "Love", "Friendship", "Prudence", "Heroism", "The Over-Soul", "Circles", "Intellect", and "Art". Emerson's "Circles" opens with— "The eye is the first circle; the horizon which it forms is the second; and throughout nature this primary figure is repeated without end. It is the highest emblem in the cipher of the world. St. Augustine described the nature of God as a circle whose centre was everywhere and its circumference nowhere." Here are some web pages on Emerson's writings— One Universal Mind; Illumined by Nature; One First Love; Emerson's Journals; Quotes (Complete Works of Emerson). Reference: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), "At age 38", pp. 262-271. Image Source: Ralph Waldo Emerson (wisdomportal.com)
35) At Age 38— Albert Schweitzer opens hospital in Africa (1913)
 Gabon C1, 200 francs airmail stamp issued on July 23, 1960 to honor medical missionary Dr. Albert Schweitzer Dr. Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) was a German-French theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary. He received the 1952 Nobel PeacePrize for his philosophy of "Reverence for Life", expressed in many ways, but most famously in founding and sustaining the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambaréné, Gabon, west central Africa (1913). Schweitzer was busy at his hospital and did not deliver his Nobel Peace Lecture until two years later in Oslo on November 4, 1954. Schweitzer is one of my early spiritual mentors. It is through him that I got to know Johann Wolfgang von Goethe who also inspired me greatly. Schweitzer delivered the Goethe Bicentennial Address in Aspen, Colorado (July 6, 1949). In reading Norman Cousins' biography Dr. Schweitzer of Lambaréné (1960), I was surprised at Schweitzer's humility saying that physicians don't heal their patients, but it's nature that is doing the real healing with time (full text). Image Source: Gabon C1 (numones.com)
36) At Age 38— Jean-Paul Sartre publishes Being and Nothingness (1943)
 Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980) France B568 (issued Feb. 23, 1985) Jean-Paul Sartre (6/21/1905-4/15/1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism. His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines. Sartre has also been noted for his open relationship with the prominent feminist theorist Simone de Beauvoir. At age 38, Sartre wrote Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology (1943). His existentialism philosophy: "existence precedes essence in man,; man created God, so that we have to be responsible for the state of the world" Sartre was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature but refused it. Dad's classmate at the Sorbonne. Reference: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), "At age 38", p. 264; Image Source: Sartre stamp (mrcophth.com)
37) At Age 38— Ayn Rand publishes The Fountainhead (1943)
 Ayn Rand (1905-1980) U.S. 3308, 33¢ stamp (issued April 22, 1999) Ayn Rand (2/2/1905-3/6/1982) was a Russian-American novelist, philosopher, playwright, and screenwriter. She is known for her two best-selling novels, The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged, and for developing a philosophical system she called Objectivism. Born and educated in Russia, Rand moved to the United States in 1926. She had a play produced on Broadway in 1935-1936. After two early novels that were initially unsuccessful in America, she achieved fame with her 1943 novel, The Fountainhead at age 38. The manuscript was rejected by twelve publishers before editor Archibald Ogden at the Bobbs-Merrill Company risked his job to get it published. More than 6.5 million copies of the book have been sold worldwide. The Fountainhead's protagonist, Howard Roark, is an individualistic young architect who chooses to struggle in obscurity rather than compromise his artistic and personal vision. The book follows his battle to practice what the public sees as modern architecture, which he believes to be superior, despite an establishment centered on tradition-worship The novel was made into a Hollywood film in 1949 (Film Trailer). Rand wrote the screenplay, and Gary Cooper played Roark, who is Rand's embodiment of the human spirit, and his struggle represents the struggle between individualism and collectivism. Reference: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), "At age 38", p. 267; Image Source: Ayn Rand stamp (amazon.com)
38) At Age 38— James Baldwin publishes The Fire Next Time (1963)
 James Baldwin (1924-1987) U.S. 3871, 37¢ stamp (issued July 23, 2004) James Baldwin (8/2/1924-12/1/1987) was an American novelist, essayist, playwright, poet, and social critic. His essays, as collected in Notes of a Native Son (1955), explore palpable yet unspoken intricacies of racial, sexual, and class distinctions in Western societies, most notably in mid-20th-century America, and their inevitable if unnameable tensions. Baldwin publishes The Fire Next Time (1963) at age 38. It contains two essays: "My Dungeon Shook— Letter to my Nephew on the One Hundredth Anniversary of Emancipation," and "Down At The Cross— Letter from a Region of My Mind." The book's title comes from the Negro spiritual line, "God gave Noah the rainbow sign, no more water but fire next time". Stanford's Another Look Book Club has selected James Baldwin's The Fire Next Time for discussion on March 5, 2015. Reference: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), "At age 38", p. 267; Image Source: Baldwin stamp (freethoughtalmanac.com)
39) Film Actors' Performance at Age 38
 Spencer Tracy won Best Actor Oscar for Boys Town (1938) Clark Gable (1901-1960) U.S. #2446 25¢ stamp (issued March 23, 1990) Paul Robeson (1898-1976) U.S. #3834 37¢ stamp (issued Jan. 20, 2004) James Stewart (1908-1997) U.S. #4197 39¢ stamp (issued July 31, 1997) Gary Cooper (1901-1961) U.S. #2447 25¢ stamp (issued March 23, 1990)
Spencer Tracy (1900-1967): Boys Town (1938) at age 38 as Father Flanagan helping delinquent boys in Nebraska.
Clark Gable (1901-1960): Gone with the Wind (1939) at age 38 as Rhett Butler with Vivien Leigh as Scarlett O'Hara.
Paul Robeson (1898-1976) starred in Show Boat (1936) at age 38 singing "Ol' Man River as he did onstage (1929, 1932).
James Stewart (1908-1997): It's a Wonderful Life (1946) at age 38, as George Bailey, voted by AFI as #1 inspirational film.
Gary Cooper (1901-1961): Beau Geste (1939) at age 38, as Michael "Beau" of Geste brothers in the French Foreign Legion.
References: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), "Films at age 38", pp. 267-268; Scott Postage Stamp Catalogue 2014: Vol 1 US and Countries A-B
(catalogue # and date of stamp issued); Image Sources: Spencer Tracy (fineartamerica.com); Clark Gable (usapostagestamps.com);
Paul Robeson (sfbayview.com); James Stewart (sossi.org); Gary Cooper (usapostagestamps.com).
40)
 Woodblock Print #38 from 100 Views of Edo "Dawn Clouds at the Yoshiwara Licensed Quarter" by Ando Hiroshige (1797-1858), Brooklyn Museum Hiroshige's Woodblock #38 inspired this haiku:     Lover departs at dawn     by the Omon gate next     to pink cherry blossoms. Catalogue Description: Dawn in the Yoshiwara licensed quarter, at Sumicho, the "corner district," which leads out into the central avenue of Nakanocho. On the left is Omon Gate, the one point of entry and departure for visitors to the Yoshiwara. In the center of the street, a lantern still glows and to the left there are four figures, one of whom is the guest, his "cheek-cover hood" (hokammuri-zukin) in place. An attendant to the rear with a lantern stands in front of the guest. The courtesan wears a bright red overgarment and raised black clogs that denote her high rank (she does not face the guest). The cherry trees depicted here were a peculiar Yoshiwara custom. Each year they were transplanted to a raised bed of soil along the main avenue in the Yoshiwara quarter for the duration of their bloom and then removed. Literary Reference: Brooklyn Museum (Brooklyn Museum) Image Source: Hiroshige Woodblock Print #38 (hiroshige.org.uk)
41) Baseball Players with Uniform #38
 Curt Schilling #38 Philadelphia Phillies (1992-2000) Curt Schilling #38 Diamondbacks (2000-2003) Boston Red Sox (2004-2007) Todd Worrell #38 St. Louis Cardinals (1985-1989, 1992) Victor Zambrano #38 New York Mets (2004-2006) Toronto Blue Jays (2007) Carlos Zambrano #38 Chicago Cubs (2001-2011) Miami Marlins (2012)
Curt Schilling (b. Nov. 14, 1966) is a former American Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher & former video game
developer. He helped lead the Philadelphia Phillies to the World Series in 1993 and won World Series championships in
2001 with Arizona Diamondbacks and in 2004 & 2007 with the Boston Red Sox. Schilling retired with a career postseason
record of 11-2. His .846 postseason winning percentage is a major-league record among pitchers with at least 10 decisions.
Best by Number selected Schilling's uniform 38 as the most worthy of all athletes who wore 38— "It wasn't until 2004, when
desperate Red Sox fans watched Schilling win 21 games, and his bloody sock bleed all over the damn Yankees. 38 became
a replica-jersey phenomenon. Boston fans certainly won't forget his gut-wrenching ALCS effort that helped them end an
86-year World Series title jinx. After retiring, Schilling founded 38 Studios that was not successful selling video games.
Todd Worrell (b. Sept. 28, 1959 ) is a retired professional baseball relief pitcher. He played all or part of eleven seasons in
MLB for St. Louis Cardinals and Los Angeles Dodgers between 1985 and 1997. His 9-10 record with 36 saves netted him
the 1986 National League Rookie of the Year Award. His 1986 Donruss BB card notes he had 73 strikeouts and 41 walks,
with an ERA of 2.08. Worrell became the first relief pitcher to save 30 or more games in each of his first three full seasons.
Víctor Zambrano (b. Aug. 6, 1975) is a former professional baseball player. A right-handed pitcher, he played all or part
of seven seasons in MLB from 2001-2007. His career record was 45-44 with 4.64 ERA, 529 strikeouts, and 404 walks.
Carlos Zambrano (b. June 1, 1981) nicknamed "Big Z" or "El Toro", is a former Venezuelan professional baseball pitcher.
He played in Major League Baseball from 2001 to 2012 for the Chicago Cubs and Miami Marlins. Pitched a no-hitter on
September 14, 2008. His 23 home runs are the most ever by a Cubs pitcher. In 2006, he became first Venezuelan player
to lead National League in wins (16). He has a career record of 132-91, with 3.66 ERA, 1637 strikeouts, and 898 walks.
Fast Facts: Two non-related Venezuelan right-handers, Víctor Zambrano of the Mets and Carlos Zambrano of the Cubs,
both wearing No. 38 when they faced each other in August 2005. (New York Daily News: Victor Zambrano outdueled
Carlos Zambrano at Shea Stadium, pitching the Mets to a 6-1 win and a sweep of the three-game series on August 7, 2005).
Fast Facts: No team in Major League Baseball, the National Football League, the National Basketball Association
or the National Hockey League has retired uniform No. 38. ("Fast Facts" Source: Best by Number, 2006, p. 123)
Reference: Sporting News, Best By Number: Who Wore What With Distinction (2006), p. 123;
Photo Sources: Phillies Curt Schilling (openingday.mlblogs.com); Red Sox Curt Schilling (bankers-anonymous.com);
Todd Worrell 1986 Donruss BB card (krispaulw.com); Victor Zambrano (web.sny.tv); Carlos Zambrano (thecubdom.com)
42) Selected 38 Denomination Postage Stamps (Click on stamp for enlargement)—
 Argentina 1741, 38 centavos Gaucho Costumes (March 14, 1992) 1741 Argentina 1746, 38 centavos Flamingos: Laguna de los Pozuelos (issued April 4, 1992) 1742-1746 Argentina 1790, 38 centavos, Jujuy City (April 24, 1993) 1790
 Argentina 1770, 38 centavos Deer, Geese, Butterflies, Whale (issued June 6,1992) 1770 S/S Argentina 1750, 38 c. Psilocybe cubensis (4-4-1992) 1748-1759 Argentina 1771, 38 centavos Campos Painting: A La Sombra (issued June 6, 1992) 1771 Argentina 1772, 38 c. Campos: Tileforo Areco (issued June 6, 1992) 1772
 Argentina B163a, 38 centavos Birds: Snowy Egret (issued July 17, 1993) Argentina B163b, 38 centavos Birds: Federal (issued July 17, 1993) Argentina B163c, 38 centavos Birds: Cardinal (issued July 17, 1993) Argentina B163d, 38 centavos Birds: Martin Pescador (July 17, 1993) B163a-d
 Austria B7, 35 + 3 Heller Battle Scenes: Airplane (issued May 1, 1915) B3-B7 Brazil 1864, 38 cruzeiro Fowler #1 1872 Locomotive (issued June 12, 1983) 1862-1864 Canada 1164, 38 cents Queen Elizabeth II (December 29, 1988) 1164 Canada 1165, 38 cents Canadian Parliament (December 29, 1988) 1165
 Canada 1245, 38 cents Clavulinopis fusiformis (issued August 4, 1989) Canada 1246, 38 cents Boletus mirabilis (issued August 4, 1989) Canada 1247, 38 cents Cantharellus cinnabarinus (issued August 4, 1989) Canada 1248, 38 cents Morchella esculenta (August 4, 1989) 1245-1248
 Canada 1252-1255, 38 cents, Performing Arts: Dancers, Musicians, Film Director & Camera, Youth & Adult Entertainers (issued April 10, 1989) 1252-1255 Canada 1256, 38 cents Winter Landscapes (Oct. 26, 1989) 1256-1259
 Canada 1251, 38 cents International Trade (issued October 2, 1989) 1251 Fiji 645, 38 cents Crab: Scylla serrata (issued September 26, 1991) 645-648 Fiji 661, 38 cents Tabusoro Inter-Islands Shipping (issued June 22, 1992) 661-664
 French Polynesia 419, 38 francs, Dancer (July 17, 1985) 419-421 Gambia 361, 38 bututs Flowers: Baobab (July 1, 1977) 354-366 Gibraltar 762, 38 pence Costumes: Short Skirt (issued May 22, 1998) 760-763 Gibraltar 763, 38 pence Costumes: Miss Gibraltar (issued May 22, 1998) 760-763
 Gibraltar 772, 38 pence Mahatma Gandhi Quote (issued October 6, 1998) 770-773 Gibraltar 773, 38 pence Albert Einstein Quote (issued October 6, 1998) 770-773 Guernsey 694, 38 pence Field Marshall Montgomery (July 27, 1999) 691-696 Guernsey 700, 38 pence Donkey, Mary, Cow (October 19, 1999) 697-702
 Guernsey 706, 38 pence Children's Art: "Millennium 2000" (issued January 1, 2000) 703-708 Hungary 3472, 38 forint, Folk Designs (4-3-1995) 3459-3478 Ireland 933, 38 pence Emperor Moth (issued July 12, 1994) 931-934 Ireland 958, 38 pence Cork & Muskerry Railways (issued February 23, 1995) 983-985
 Ireland 893, 38 pence Dark Red Helleborine (4-20-1993) 891-894 Ireland 984, 38 pence Botanical Garden (10-9-1995) 983-985 Ireland 1025, 38 pence Freshwater Ducks (issued September 24, 1996) 1024-1027 Ireland 1088, 38 pence Dracula Emerging from Coffin (issued October 1, 1997) 1086-1089
 Ireland 1384-1387 (strip of 4), 38 cents Steeplechasing in Ireland (issued March 12, 2002) 1384-1387
 Ireland 1377, 38 pence Toys: Teddy Bear (January 22, 2002) FDC Isle of Man 1491a-b, 37 pence & 38 pence S.S. Titanic & Passenger Dining Room Centenary of Sinking (issued April 2, 2012) 1491a-f
 Frost Arbory                            A Colby Mill                            Early Spring                            Port Erin Bay                        Landing the Catch Isle of Man 1486-1490, 38 pence, Paintings by William Hoggart, (issued February 20, 2012) 1486-1490
 Isle of Man 833, 38 pence Thornycroft Manx Bus (issued June 18, 1999) 829-834 Isle of Man 1521, 38 pence Military Aircraft (issued September 20, 2012) 1521-1526 Jersey 954, 38 pence Atlantic Grey Seals (issued June 5, 2000) 951-956
 Jersey 1031, 38 pence Police Vehicle: Austin 1800 (issued May 24, 2002) 1029-1034 Jersey 1037, 38 pence Green Bush Cricket (issued June 18, 2002) 1035-1040 Jersey 1044, 38 pence Hare's Tail & Pampas Grass (August 8, 2002) 1042-1047 Jersey 1065, 38 pence De Havilland DH 84 Dragon Plane (issued January 21, 2003) 1063-1068
 Jersey 1073, 38 pence Poster Art, Europa 2003 (March 11, 2003) 1071-1074 Jersey 1095, 38 pence Pets: Canary & Parakeet (September 9, 2003) 1093-1097 Malta C20, 38 cents AW Atlanta 1936 Plane (issued January 26, 1984) C15-C21
 Netherlands B310, 30¢ + 8¢ chocolate S.S. "Nieuw Amsterdam" ship (issued May 13, 1957) B306-B310 Netherlands B315, 30¢ + 8¢ violet blue 90th Anniversay Holland's Red Cross (issued August 19, 1957) B311-B315 New Caledonia 517, 38 francs, Kagu Bird (May 22, 1985) 511-518 New Caledonia O27A, 38 francs, Native Carving (1973) O27A
 New Caledonia C170, 38 francs Plant Xeronema moorei (issued March 18, 1981) C170-C171 New Caledonia C175, 38 francs Plant Ecinometra mathaei (issued August 5, 1981) C175-C176 New Caledonia C180, 38 francs La Roussette Biplane (issued February 24, 1982) C180-C181
 Norfolk Island 491, 38¢ Christmas 1990 (Sept. 25, 1990) 491-494 Norfolk Island 510, 38¢ Season's Greetings, Christmas 1991 (issued September 23, 1991) 510-513 Poland 2561, 38 zloty, Bowl of Fruits (March 24, 1983) 2556-2561 Poland 2600, 38 zloty, Traditional Hat: Lubuski (Dec. 16, 1983) 2595-2600
 Portugal 1847, 38 escudo Navigator: Vasco da Gama (issued March 6, 1991) 1839-1858 Portugal 1931, 38 escudo Campo Pequeno Bull Ring (issued August 18, 1992) 1931-1934 Portugal-Madeira 158, 38 escudo, Tree Tomato (Feb. 21, 1992) 157-160 Romania 1005, 38 bani, Academy of Music (Sept. 6, 1954) 1004-1007
 St. Helena 481, 38 pence Rare Plants: Salad Plant (August 3, 1987) 479-482 St. Helena 552, 38 pence 1897 Uniforms: Flautist (May 2, 1991) 549-553 St. Helena 563, 38 pence Honda Motorcycle CD 175cc (issued February 21, 1992) 561-564 St. Helena 577, 38 pence Liberation: Falkland Islands (issued June 12, 1992) 575-578
 St. Helena 547, 38 pence Transfer Napoleon's Body to France (issued December 15, 1990) 545-548 St. Helena 634, 38 pence Christmas Carols: "We Three Kings" (issued October 6, 1994) 631-635 Spain 2326, 38 peseta Quevedo's Aero Car (issued May 5, 1983) 2325-2326
 St. Helena 591, 38 pence Flowers: Cigar Plant (March 19, 1993) 588-592 Spain 2331, 38 peseta Communications (May 17, 1983) 2331 Spain 2337, 38 peseta Navarro pointer dog (issued June 8, 1983) 2337 Spain 2339, 38 peseta Scouting Year (issued June 22, 1983) 2339
 Spain 2346, 38 peseta View of Seville, 16th century (issued October 12, 1983) 2346 Spain 2365, 38 peseta Leonardo's Vitruvius Man: Man & Biosphere (issued April 11, 1984) 2365 Uruguay C184, 38 centavos, Flight (1959) C182-C184
 Uruguay C196, 38 centavos Compass & Map of Punta del Este (issued March 6, 1959) C195-C199 Uruguay C203, 38 c. Artigas, Washington (3-2-1960) C203-C205 Zimbabwe 564, 38 cents Art: "Song of the Shepherd Boy" (issued April 14, 1988) 560-565 Zimbabwe 586, 38 cents Poppy hibiscuss (April 12, 1989) 582-587
 Zimbabwe 576, 38 cents White-backed Duck (issued October 6, 1988) 572-577 Zimbabwe 592, 38 cents Large-mouth Black Bass (issued July 12, 1989) 588-593 Zimbabwe 628, 38 cents Transportation: Train (issued January 2, 1990) 614-631
 Note: There are no 38¢ stamps issued by the United States. Found 120+ postage stamps with 38 denomination in 2014 Scott Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue Volumes 1-6 (Los Altos Library). The 101 stamps shown above were all downloaded from the web using Google Images and eBay searches. Click on catalogue #s for image source of the set where the stamp appears. Some stamps were retouched in Adobe Photoshop for centering and perforations with black background added. The dates of issue were found in Scott Catalogues as well as the Scott Catalogue #s. Click on stamp to enlarge.

43) 38 Denomination Postage Stamp on Maximum Card
 Portugal 1903, 38 escudo Citroen Torpedo, 1922 (First Day of Issue cancel, Lisbon, March 6, 1992) Automobile Museum, set of 4 #1903-1906 Maximum Card Citroën Type C was a light car made by the French Citroën car company (1922-1926) designer: Edmond Moyet

44) Numerology: words whose letters add up to 38

EIGHTY: 5 + 9 + 7 + 8 + 2 + 7 = 38

ENERGY: 5 + 5 + 5 + 9 + 7 + 7 = 38

HEALING: 8 + 5 + 1 + 3 + 9 + 5 + 7 = 38

HUNDRED: 8 + 3 + 5 + 4 + 9 + 5 + 4 = 38

PRINCE: 7 + 9 + 9 + 5 + 3 + 5 = 38

SPRING: 1 + 7 + 9 + 9 + 5 + 7 = 38

SPARROW: 1 + 7 + 1 + 9 + 9 + 6 + 5 = 38

TERNARY: 2 + 5 + 9 + 5 + 1 + 9 + 7 = 38

— Peter Y. Chou, WisdomPortal.com (2-27-2015, updated 3-26-2015)

 © compiled by Peter Y. Chou, WisdomPortal.com P.O. Box 390707, Mountain View, CA 94039 email: (3-26-2015)