On the Number 10

1) The 5th even number = 2, 4, 6, 8, 10
2) The 5th composite number = 4, 6, 8, 9, 10
3) The 4th triangular number = 1, 3, 6, 10
(Sum of the 1st four numbers = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10)
4) The 3rd tetrahedral number = 1, 4, 10
(Sum of the 1st three triangular numbers = 1 + 3 + 6 = 10)
5) Product of the 1st even & 3rd odd numbers = 2 x 5 = 10
6) Product of the 1st & 3rd prime numbers = 2 x 5 = 10
7) Product of the 3rd & 5th Fibonacci numbers = 2 x 5 = 10
8) Sum of the 1st three prime numbers = 2 + 3 + 5 = 10
9) Sum of the 3rd, 4th, 5th Fibonacci numbers = 2 + 3 + 5 = 10
10) Sum of the 1st & 3rd square numbers = 12 + 32 = 1 + 9 = 10
11) Sum of the 1st & 4th even numbers = 2 + 8 = 10
12) Sum of the 2nd & 4th odd numbers = 3 + 7 = 10
13) Sum of the 2nd & 3rd Mersenne numbers, (2n - 1): 3 + 7 = 10
14) Sum of the 2nd & 3rd even numbers = 4 + 6 = 10
15) Sum of the 3rd odd & 3rd prime numbers = 5 + 5 = 10
16) Square of 10 = 102 = 100
17) Cube of 10 = 103 = 1000
18) Factorial 10 = 10!
= 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6 x 7 x 8 x 9 x 10 = 3,628,800
19) 10th coupled exponential = 1010 = 10,000,000,000 (ten billion)
20) The 10th digit of pi = 5 (3.1415926535)
21) The 49th & 50th digits of pi = 10
22) The 231st & 232nd digits of phi = 10
23) Atomic Number of Neon (Ne) = 10 (10 protons & 10 electrons)
24) Deca- means 10 (Latin, Greek: deka)
Decade is a period of 10 years.
Decagon is a polygon of 10 sides.
Decathlon is a 10-event athletic contest:
(100-meter, 400-meter, and 1500-meter runs,
110-meter high hurdles, javelin & discus throws,
shot put, pole vault, high jump, and long jump)

1942 Mercury Dime
25) U.S. currency: One dime = 10 cents
26) Number of fingers in primates = 10
27) Number of toes in the human feet = 10
28) 10 is the base of our decimal system.
29) The binary number 0010 = 2; The binary number 1010 =
(1x23) + (0x22) + (1x21) + (0x20) = 8 + 0 + 2 + 0 = 10
30) In Bowling, 10 pins
are arranged in a
triangular pattern.
Candlepin Bowling
31) The 10th day of the year = January 10
(Born on January 10, 1910: Galina Ulanova,
Bolshoi Ballerina, NY Times Obituary)
32) Tin wedding anniversary celebrates 10 years of marriage
33) J is the 10th letter of the English alphabet .
34) Yod is the 10th letter (and smallest)
of the Hebrew alphabet,
and means "open hand".
35) Kappa (K) is the 10th letter of the Greek alphabet,
meaning purity, with numeric value of 20,
36) Ray (Raa') is the 10th letter of the Arabic alphabet,
and looks like a giant comma (,).
37) Shí is the Chinese word for 10, and resembles a cross.
38) X is the Roman numeral for 10.
39) The Passion Flower (Passiflora) has 10 petals. In 1609 in Rome,
Emmanuel de Villegas, a Mexican friar, first reported this
flower with sketches to Jacomo Bosio, who associated
it with Christ's crucifixion (hence Passion Flower):
The outer ten petals: the 10 disciples at the Crucifixion.
72 radial filaments within the petals: the crown of thorns.
The spiraled tendrils: the whip of Christ's scourging.
The 5 stamens represents Christ's five wounds.
The top 3 stigma represent the three nails.
( Passion flower film; Passion flower art)
40) 10th word of the King James Version of Genesis = earth
"In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth"
41) In the 10th Psalm, King David asks God to punish the wicked:
Why do You stand afar off, O Lord?
Why do You hide in times of trouble?
The wicked in his pride persecutes the poor; let them be caught
in the plots which they have devised.
Arise, O Lord! O God, lift up Your hand! Do not forget the humble.

Psalms 10.1-2, 12
42) King David sang praises to the Lord
"upon an instrument of 10 strings":
"Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the psaltery;
upon the harp with a solemn sound."
(Psalms, 92.3)
"I will sing a new song unto thee, O God: upon a psaltery
and an instrument of ten strings will I sing praises unto thee."

(Psalms, 144.7)
43) 10th hexagram of the I Ching: Lü / Treading (Conduct)
 THE IMAGE Heaven above, the lake below: The image of TREADING. Thus the superior man discriminates     between high and low, And thereby fortifies the thinking of the people.
44) Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, Verse 10:
Can you grasp your soul and not let it go
can you let your breath be as soft as a babe
can you polish your mind mirror free of dust
can you serve and govern without effort
can you be the female at heaven's gate
can you illumine the world with no-mind
bring forth life and nourish them
bring forth life and possess them not
possess them and yet control them not
such is called the mysterious virtue.
(revised translations by D.C. Lau, 1963 & Red Pine, 1996)
45) Moses received the 10 Commandments from God after
40 days & nights on Mt. Sinai. (Exodus 20.3-17)
46) Noah waited 10 months for the water to recede after the Flood.
"And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month:
in the tenth month, on the first day of the month,
were the tops of the mountains seen." (Genesis 8.5)
47) Number of chapters in the Ezra (Old Testament)= 10
48) Number of chapters in the Esther (Old Testament)= 10
("seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace
to all his seed." Esther X.3)
49) The Pythagoreans considered 10 as the perfect number
since it is the sum of the tetraktys: 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10.
It contained all the geometric forms, being the sum of 1 (point),
2 (line), 3 (plane), and 4 (solid). Pythagoras regarded 10
as "the nature of number, because all men count up to 10,
and when they reach it, revert again to unity." This reversion
may be conceived as the revolution of a wheel.
(F.M. Cornford, From Religion to Philosophy (1957) p. 208)
Tetraktys
o
o o
o o o
o o o o

1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10
50)
 The 10 Opposites of Pythagoras: 1) Limited & Unlimited 2) Odd & Even 3) One & Many 4) Right & Left 5) Male & Female 6) Rest & Motion 7) Straight & Curved 8) Light & Darkness 9) Good & Evil 10) Square & Oblong According to this theory, the primary constituents of things are of a dissimilar and opposite nature; a bond was therefore necessary to unite them, and cause them to be productive. This bond of the elements is harmony. Eduard Zeller (1814-1908), History of Greek Philosophy (1881), Vol. I, pp. 381-383
51) Chapter 10 in the Bhagavad Gita
(Krishna reveals to Arjuna his divine glory):
Hear again mighty Arjuna, hear the glory of my Word again.
I speak for thy good, because your heart finds joy in me.
To those who are ever in harmony, and who worship me with love,
I give the Yoga of vision and with this they come to me.
Bhagavad Gita 10.1, 10.10 (circa 400 BC)
(translated by Juan Mascaró, Penguin, 1962, pp. 84-85)
52) 10th Book of Enoch Archangel Uriel warns Noah about Flood:
“a deluge is about to come upon the whole earth,
and will destroy all that is on it. Escape so that your
seed may be preserved for all the generations of the world...
The works of righteousness and truth shall be planted in truth and
joy for evermore. And then shall all the righteous escape, and shall
live till they beget thousands of children, and all the days of
their youth and their old age shall they complete in peace.”

Book of Enoch X.2-3, 16-17 (circa 105 B.C.-64 B.C.)
53) Christ's parable of the 10 virgins (5 wise & 5 foolish) in
Matthew 25.1-13 symbolizes our 5 inner & outer senses.
54) Christ healed 10 lepers in a village, but only one turned back
to thank him and with a loud voice glorified God. (Luke 17.12)
55) "The number ten signifies perfection; for to the number seven
which embraces all created things, is added the trinity of the Creator."
Augustine of Hippo (354-430), Manichaean Heresy (392), p. 107
56) In the Olympics, the highest score for a gymnastic event is 10
(Nadia Comaneci 1976, Mary Lou Retton 1984)
57) 10 is considered a perfect number because it's the summit of the nine
single digit numbers, as well as the lowest of the double digit numbers.
It is a combination of 1 & 0— the binary basis of computer technology.
Philosophically it is a symbol of the Manifest & Unmanifest,
or Oneness & Emptiness.
58) In the song The Twelve Days of Christmas,
"on the 10th day of Christmas,
my true love gave to me 10 lords a-leaping"
59) Chapter 10 of Mohammed's Holy Koran is titled "Jonah"
Alif Lam Ra. These are the verses of the wise Book.
He it is Who made the sun a shining brightness and
the moon a light, and ordained for it mansions that you
might know the computation of years and the reckoning.
Their cry in it shall be: Glory to Thee, O Allah!
and their greeting in it shall be: Peace;
and the lastof their cry shall be: Praise
tbe to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
And Allah invites to the abode of peace and
guides whom He pleases into the right path.
Mohammed, Holy Koran 10.1, 10.5, 10.10, 10.25 (7th century AD)
(translated from by M.H. Shakir, Koran: Jonah, 1983)
60) 10th Discourse of Valmiki's Yoga Vasishtha:
True worship consists in inward meditation alone,
and in no outer form of worship; therefore, apply
by meditating within yourself

Valmiki (c. 750 AD), Yoga Vasishtha, 10.11
The World Within the Mind (4th edition)
61) Section 10 of Hui Hai's Zen Teaching on Sudden Illumination:
Q: When you said that wisdom is the function, what did you mean by wisdom?
A: The knowledge that by realizing the voidness of all opposites, deliverance is
assured and that, without this realization, you will never gain deliverance.
This is what we call 'wisdom' or 'knowing wrong from right'. Another name
for it is 'knowing the function of the substance' Concerning the unreality of
opposites, it is the wisdom inherent in the 'substance' which makes it known
that to realize their voidness means liberation and that there can be no more
doubt about it. This is what we mean by 'function'. In speaking thus of the
unreality of opposites, we refer to the nonexistence of relativities such as 'is'
and 'is not', 'good' and 'evil', 'love' and 'aversion', and so on.

Hui Hai (circa 788 A.D.),
Zen Teaching on Sudden Illumination, Section 10
(translated by John Blofeld, Rider & Co., London, 1962)
62) Section 10 of Huang Po's
Zen Teaching on the Transmission of Mind:
It is by preventing the rise of conceptual thought that
you will realize Bodhi [wisdom], and, when you do
you will just be realizing the Buddha [Awakened One]
who has always existed in your own Mind!... Therefore
the Buddha said: "I truly attained nothing from
complete, unexcelled Enlightenment."

Huang Po (died 850 A.D.),
Zen Teaching on the Transmission of Mind,
The Chün Chou Record, Section 10
(translated by John Blofeld, Rider & Co., London, 1958, pp. 37-38)
63) Chou Tun-Yi (1017-1073), Penetrating Book of Changes,
Chapter 10: The Will to Learn
“The sage aspires to become Heaven,
the worthy aspires to become a sage.
Yen Yüan did not transfer his anger;
he did not repeat a mistake, and for
three months his mind would be full of benevolence.
If one learns what Yen Yüan learned,
he will become a sage if he reaches the highest degree.”
64) Kakuan's 10 Oxherd Drawings depict the process of Zen enlightenment.
The 10th Drawing shows the sage in the market place, where the
enlightened one is not in a cave enjoying his bliss, but sharing his
wisdom with everyone in everyday life.
65) The 10 Sephiroth of the Kabbala are
the 10 spheres of light from the Tree of Life:
 1 Kether Crown 2 Hokmar Wisdom 3 Binah Understanding 4 Hesed Love 5 Geburah Power 6 Tipereth Beauty 7 Netsah Endurance 8 Hod Majesty 9 Yesod Foundation 10 Malkuth Kingdom
66) Canto 10 of Dante's Paradiso:
(Ascent to the Fourth Heaven, the Sphere of the Sun):
 How bright within themselves must be the lights I saw on entering the Sun, for they were known to me by splendor, not by color! And Beatrice began: "Give thanks, give thanks to Him, the angels' Sun, who, through His grace, has lifted you to this embodied sun."
— Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), Paradiso 10.40-42, 10.52-54
( Allen Mandelbaum translation, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1984, pp. 86-87)
67) Verse 10 of Drg-Drsya-Viveka ("Seer-Seen Discernment") by Bharati Tirtha (c. 1328-1380):
“ In the state of deep sleep, when the thought of ego disappears
the body also becomes unconscious. The state in which there is
the half manifestation of the ego is called the dream state,
and the full manifestation of the ego is the state of waking.”

(translated by Swami Nikhilananda, Sri Ramakrishna Ashrama, Mysore, 1964, p. 13)
68) 10th Walk of Reveries of the Solitary Walker
by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778):
“ The taste for solitude and contemplation grew up in my heart
along with the expansive and tender feelings which are best able
to nourish it. Noise and turmoil constrain and quench them,
peace and quiet revive and intensify them. I need tranquillity
if I am to love.”

(translated by Peter France, Penguin Books, NY, 1979, p. 154)
69) Hate & Love in 10th Sonnet of William Shakespeare:
For shame! deny that thou bear'st love to any,
Who for thy self art so unprovident.
Grant, if thou wilt, thou art beloved of many,
But that thou none lov'st is most evident:
For thou art so possessed with murderous hate,
That 'gainst thy self thou stick'st not to conspire,
Seeking that beauteous roof to ruinate
Which to repair should be thy chief desire.
O! change thy thought, that I may change my mind:
Shall hate be fairer lodged than gentle love?
Be, as thy presence is, gracious and kind,
Or to thyself at least kind-hearted prove:
Make thee another self for love of me,
That beauty still may live in thine or thee.

William Shakespeare (1564-1616), Sonnets X, Commentary
70) 10th Poem of Emily Dickinson:
 My wheel is in the dark! I cannot see a spoke Yet know its dripping feet Go round and round. My foot is on the Tide! An unfrequented road— Yet have all roads A clearing at the end— Some have resigned the Loom— Some in the busy tomb Find quaint employ— Some with new— stately feet— Pass royal through the gate— Flinging the problem back At you and I! Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson (edited by Thomas H. Johnson, 1955)
71) Verse 10 in Jack Kerouac's Sutra,
Scripture of the Golden Eternity (1960):

This world is the movie of what everything is,
it is one movie, made of the same stuff throughout,
belonging to nobody, which is what everything is.

Jack Kerouac (1922-1969)
The Scripture of the Golden Eternity
Totem/Corinth Book, NY, 1970, p. 21
72) Aphorism 10 of Franklin Merrell-Wolff's
Consciousness Without an Object (1973):
 Consciousness of absence of objects is Nirvana. Commentaries: Etymologically, "Nirvana" means "blow-out" and this, in turn, carries the popular connotation of annihilation... Buddha never meant by "Nirvana" the destruction of the principle of consciousness, but only consciousness operating in a certain way... The pure Nirvanic State of Consciousness is a Void, a Darkness, and a Silence, from the standpoint of relative or subject-object consciousness. But taken on its own level it is an extremely rich state of consciousness that is anything but empty. It cannot be conceived, but must be realized directly to be known. Franklin Merrell-Wolff (1887-1985), Philosophy of Consciousness Without an Object (Reflections on the Nature of Transcendental Consciousness) (Julian Press, NY, 1973, p. 104, pp. 198-200)
73) Wei Wu Wei's The Tenth Man is a Buddhist metaphysical book by an enlightened Irish sage.
It contains 100 short contemplative pieces to arouse the reader to cosmic awakening.
In Chapter 81, he tells The 'Tenth Man' Story how ten monks went on a pilgrimage
and one became lost while crossing a river in flood. (
complete story)
Wei Wu Wei (1895-1986), The Tenth Man: The Great Joke Which Made Lazarus Laugh
Hong Kong University Press, 1966, pp. 178-179 (Archives
74) Graham Greene's The Tenth Man is a short novel written in 1944 when he was under
a two-year contract to MGM. It was forgotten in the MGM's archives until 1983.
It's the story of 30 Frenchmen in a German prison camp and every 10th man
was to be shot. The prisoners draw lots from 30 pieces of paper, three of which had
a cross drawn on it, and folded each piece and placed them in a shoe. Louis Chavel,
a rich lawyer draws the "death slip" and offers all his worldly possessions to anyone
who will take his place. One, for the sake of his family agrees. Later, when Chavel
was released, he visits anonymously the family who possess his money, he himself
now with nothing but his life.
Graham Greene (1904-1991), The Tenth Man
The Bodley Head & Anthony Blond, London, 1985, pp. 11, 47-48

 © Peter Y. Chou, WisdomPortal.com P.O. Box 390707, Mountain View, CA 94039 email: peter@wisdomportal.com (4-11-2003)