|Confucius (551 BC-479 BC)
The Great Learning
What the Great Learning teaches is to show illustrious virtue,
to educate the people, and to strive for the highest excellence.
Once the point of rest is known, its pursuit may be determined,
once the goal is set, a calm tranquillity may be attained to.
To that calmness there will follow a tranquil repose.
In that repose there may be careful meditation,
and that meditation leads to the desired end.
Things have their root and branches.
Affairs have their beginning and end.
To know what is first & last will lead
one near to the Great Learning.
The ancients who wished to show illustrious virtue
in the kingdom, first ordered well their own states.
Wishing to order well their states,
they first regulated their families.
Wishing to regulate their families,
they first cultivated themselves.
Wishing to cultivate themselves,
they first purified their hearts.
Wishing to purify their hearts,
they became sincere in their thoughts.
Wishing to be sincere in their thoughts,
they first extended to the utmost their knowledge.
Such extension of knowledge, lay in the investigation of things.
Things being investigated, knowledge became complete.
Their knowledge being complete, their thoughts were sincere.
Their thoughts being sincere, their hearts were then purified.
Their hearts being purified, their persons were cultivated.
Their persons being cultivated, their families were regulated.
Their families being regulated, their states were well governed.
Their states being well governed, the whole kingdom became peaceful.
What is truly is within will be manifested without.
The Great Learning, 1-5, VI.2 (Legge translation revised by PYC)
While there are no stirrings of pleasure, anger, sorrow, or joy,
Confucius (551 BC-479 BC)
| © Peter Y. Chou, WisdomPortal.com
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