Tenzin Gyatso
The 14th Dalai Lama

"The Heart of Nonviolence:
A Conversation with the Dalai Lama"

His Holiness the Dalai Lama
and the Reverend Scotty McLennan

Aurora Forum at the Heyns Lecture
Memorial Church, Stanford University

Friday, November 4, 2005, 2:30 pm-4:30 pm

Edited by Peter Y. Chou
WisdomPortal.com


Preface: On Sunday, October 30, 2005, I was at Stanford's Green Library designing a birthday card for Mom's 97th birthday. Then I read and bookmarked around 100 articles from the Sunday New York Times. I took a break at 7 pm and went to the Tibetan Films "Satya: A Prayer for the Enemy" & "The Reincarnation of Khensur Rinpoche" at the Math Building 380 in Room 380-Y. At the film showing, Mark Gonnerman, Director of the Aurora Forum, asked the dozen people in the audience "How's everyone on the Dalai Lama tickets?" I told him that after receiving an email from the Aurora Forum, I responded hoping to get a ticket via the Lottery. He said all the tickets had been distributed, but see him during the break. After the first film, Mark asked me to step outside in the hallway, and gave me a free ticket to the November 4 Memorial Church event— "A Conversation with the Dalai Lama: The Heart of Nonviolence". I thanked Mark and told him that this is the fourth time I got free tickets just before the Dalai Lama's lectures. I learned of the Dalai Lama's first visit to the United States (1979) at the home of PB (Paul Brunton) in Switzerland (Sept. 1979). He told me that His Holiness had received many invitations, but will spend the most time at Anthony Damiani's Wisdom's Goldenrod Center for Philosophic Studies. I was touched because Anthony was my first spiritual mentor (I didn't know this at the time) when I was working on my doctorate at Cornell. I was teaching Chemistry at Worcester Polytechnic Institute when the Dalai Lama lectured at Harvard on "Self and Selflessness" (10/17/79) and at Boston's Trinity Church on "Altruism and the Six Perfections" (10/18/79). I signed up on long waiting lists and luckily received free tickets to both events at the last minute. When the Dalai Lama came to Stanford (4/19/94), I was fortunate to get a free ticket again on the day of his lecture. I wrote a poem "The Dalai Lama at Stanford" about my experience on that occasion. I also assembled 14 of my poems for the Dalai Lama, but don't know whether he got them. So this time I assembled 14 additional poems for him. Mark told me that the door to Memorial Church will open at 1:15 pm for this 2:30 pm event. A friend dropped me off at Stanford Oval at 12:30 pm and told me to get in line if I wish to get a good seat. A small crowd of four rows had already gathered in front of Memorial Church, and I was the sixth person in the center row. Since the Apple printer was broken at Foothill College, I couldn't print out the Cover or the Table of Contents of my Selected Poems 2005 for the Dalai Lama. I just used the same cover for my 1994 poems for the Dalai Lama. While waiting on line, I inscribed some greetings to His Holiness, telling him that I was Anthony Damiani's student (1968-70) when I was studying at Cornell. When the door of Memorial Church opened at 1:15 pm, the best seat I could manage was the 9th row from the back. Only the last ten rows, front side aisle seats and the balcony were available for those who had won the Aurora Forum lottery. The best seats in Memorial Church were reserved for paying Stanford patrons & guests. After four Stanford students decided they could get a better view from the balcony and left, I was able to get an right side aisle seat. This was better for notes-taking (my right elbow won't bump into anyone). Also I may get the Dalai Lama's handshake if he decides to leave the church from the center aisle. Stephen Kent entertained the crowd playing the Didjeridoo, a Tibetan wind instrument. At 2:30 pm, the entire crowd stood up as the Dalai Lama entered Memorial Church through the back door with his translator Geshe Thupten Jinpa, Provost John Etchemendy, and the Reverend Scotty McLennan. At 3:55 pm, Mark Gonnerman went up to the podium with questions collected from the Aurora Forum Web. The Q & A Session ended at 4:30 pm and everyone was asked to stay in the pew as the Dalai Lama exited from the center aisle. As His Holiness approached me, I again invoked the magic words back in 1994— "Anthony Damiani". The Dalai Lama came to me and clasped both of my hands in his for a firm handshake. I gave him my two books of poems which his escort monk took promptly. When I walked out of Memorial Church, there was a huge crowd of students hoping to catch a glimpse of the Dalai Lama since they were not able to get tickets to this event. I walked to Green Library to compose this web page and type my notes of his lecture. But somehow, I felt as if I were floating in air, chanting to myself— "Wonderful! Wonderful! Wonderful!"— Praise to the sages who bring beauty, truth, and wisdom to this world. Here are my 18-pages of notes from the Dalai Lama's talk. I've also compiled links to News Stories on the Dalai Lama from Stanford and elsewhere, Biographies and Interviews, and Web sites on the Dalai Lama to share with all who wish to live and experience the enlightened life.


2:30 pm— Provost John Etchemendy introduced the Dalai Lama to the Stanford audience: The Dalai Lama was born in Eastern Tibet in [July 6] 1935. At the age of 2, he was recognized as the 14th Dalai Lama and was enthroned in Lhasa, Tibet at the age of 4 [Feb. 22, 1940]. In 1950 [at age 16], he was called upon to assume full political power as Head of State and Government when Tibet was invaded by 80,000 People's Liberation Army soldiers. In 1959, he completed his Doctorate in Buddhist Philosophy. The Tibetan National Uprising on March 10, 1959 was brutally crushed by the Chinese Army and 87,000 Tibetans were killed. The Dalai Lama fled Tibet to India [March 31, 1959]. Since 1960, he has lived in Dharamsala, India, the seat of the Tibetan Government-in-exile. The Dalai Lama is recognized as a spokesman for peace. He has made pilgrimages to many religious sites around the world. In 1989, the Dalai Lama was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. He advocates peaceful solutions based on mutual respect. On the facade of Stanford's Memorial Church, there is a passage from Jesus's Sermon on the Mount: "How blessed are those whose hearts are pure. How blessed are the peacemakers." The Dalai Lama is one of those who works for the highest ideals. We are honored to be in his presence today.

Scotty McLennan: You were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989.
Why should one be nonviolent?

Dalai Lama: Why is there destruction? If we analyze its opposite—
construction— we realize that we love creation and growth.
Even something like a flower with no consciousness (Buddhist notion),
as a living thing, whenever we see flowers growing, we feel happy.
Perhaps furthermore, we are a part of nature. Monkeys in trees still better.
We prefer real flowers than artificial flowers. Therefore, we love living things.
When we destroy living things, that's violence. So we practice nonviolence.

SM: But human nature has violence. It's fight or flight.

DL: Part of violence is also part of life. Look at the beginning of our life—
Love, compassion, and affection from our mother. That's the basis of our life.
Aggression and hatred are negative energies. Life is based on positive things.
If we have hatred— that leads to killing. Then there's no worry about
human population growth. Affection brings about a sense of community.
Source of violence is hatred. When our mind is dominated by negative
emotions like hatred, then our vision of reality is obscured.

SM: Is violence justified to defend one's family or friend when attacked.
Our reaction is to attack when confronted with violence.

DL: Definition of violence and non-violence. We can't take surface or appearance.
Real definition depends on motivation. Violence and non-violence—
Any action based on concern of compassion is non-violent.
Recently, I mentioned Mother is important for a child.
Then some young student wrote to me that he appreciates his father more.
But also there are bad fathers [The Dalai Lama grabbed Scotty's arm—
bringing a roar of laughter in the audience.]
When I was very young, I was deceived by one of my teachers.
I crawled over some texts on the floor. He hit me with a rod.
Since then, I have a little hatred for that person.
You want to deceive someone, exploit and cheat them—
too much praise, not genuine smile or some gesture—
these are violent actions even if there's no physical harm.
Action out of concern and compassion are considered nonviolent.
One can understand that protection of family, friend, or some
principles you cherish— one can take countermeasures that
seem violent. But it's done with a deeper sense of compassion.

SM: In your Autobiography, your cousin's response:
violence breeds violence, hatred breeds hatred.
Here that response still evokes something in you.

DL: I hear another approach I could modify.
Attachment could also be a negative emotion.
Attachment looks nice, it brings together.
Hatred and anger are repelling forces.
By nature, if we examine the nature of human psyche—
hatred & attachment have roles to play.
Anger and hatred are repelling forces that threaten us.
Now, these afflictions tend to obscure the nature of reality.
When seen from a wider perspective—
be aware of excesses of these mechanisms.
Once you recognize these excesses, how to react to these situations?
You see the creation of cycles and their chain reactions.
Fulfilling same role without negative emotions.
Bring positive conditions by wisdom and understanding.

SM: There are three positions in the Christian tradition.
The 1st position is that of the Crusades— respond to evil doers.
The 2nd position is the just war. Must respond to violence.
The Christian response to love.
The 3rd position is pacifism— Martin Luther King & Gandhi.
The Just War condition is to restore order.

DL: Violent method is just a method.
To justify the whole, do something beneficial.
Carry that action of compassion and motivation
so that limited violence is permissible.
A war could be a just war.
Now today, there is a new reality.
Mobilize violence is more serious than individual violence.
Destruction of enemy— in ancient times, enemy is one's neighbor.
Destroy the enemy and there's victory for yourself.
But today, we have a global economy and environment issues.
The whole world is one body. Destroy other part of the world
is destroying yourself. Morally, the new reality is that
destruction of the enemy is not justified.

SM: The war in Iraq— President Bush started this war to find
the weapons of mass destruction. There was not full accounting of weapons.
Wouldn't it be better to stop Iraq from destroying the world?

DL: In the past century we had World War II and the Korean War.
History showed that World War II saved Western civilization & democracy.
Korean War enabled South Korea to enjoy democracy.
I met some students who disagreed with my view.
In the Vietnam War, the U.S. fought with the same view,
but it was totally wrong and it failed.
In the case of the Iraq War, it's too early to say right or wrong.
History will show whether this war is justified. At least, motivation
to bring democracy and freedom to Iraq is good.
American casuality always clear. Iraqi casuality not so clear.

SM: As a teacher at Stanford, we use the Socratic method.
Is any war that ultimately leads to destruction of civilians right?

DL: Absolutely we should examine it. War is out of date and obsolete.
Through war, solution is difficult. It's hard to handle the present problem
in Iraq— counter-insurgency. If we handle it not properly,
then there be 10 Iraqs and 100 Iraqs possible. From a holistic way,
it's very complicated [solving peace through war].

SM: Reality today versus ancient times—
Spiritual dimension of non-violence.
How to defend non-violence, spiritually speaking?

DL: In Buddhist practice, we have five inner values—
Love, compassion, forgiveness, contentment, and self-discipline.
In Buddhist case, emphasize deep inter-connectedness of human well-being,
and the cause & effect relationships underlying their connectedness.

SM: In Christian tradition and Gandhi's approach is the ultimate reality,
God is in us. The Pacifist's position— Can't harm any human being,
because God is within all of us. In any sense, there is transcendence within.

DL: The image of God is a Christian tradition.
Buddhist tradition is not theistic.
Sanskrit tradition has important spiritual principle.
Indebtedness to all sentient beings. The term "Mother"
is used for others. Buddhism deals with ego centeredness.
Destruction of ego and self-centeredness.
My Muslim friends tell me that all things are created by God.
If we love God, we must love all of creation.
These concepts are very powerful.

SM: Can you condone certain kinds of violence
such as peace marches to defend your beliefs.

DL: If they behave in a non-violent way, I want to join them.

SM: What about economic boycotts?

DL: In the case of South Africa, it worked.
Economic boycott causes the country as a whole to suffer.
The leaders are well-fed but the innocent people suffer.

SM: What about fasting techniques. Gandhi tried this. Cesar Chavez fasted.

DL: Gandhi calculated on fasting for effect.
I admired a Tibetan fasting to protest.
It was unrealistic approach if it's suicide.
Limited fasting like Gandhi is good for health.
We all need to fast. [laughter]

SM: What about standing in front of tanks at Tianamen Square
or sleeping in giant trees to protect the redwoods?

DL: Those who rope themselves to trees to protect them—
if it works, very good. But if you lose your life—
maybe not too good.

SM: No reason to die for the cause if you're not successful?

DL: The 8th century Buddhist teacher said:
"When you initiate an action to assist something,
have awareness of your act. The very purpose of non-violence
is to bring peaceful effects. If you bring contrary effects,
then you need to change the tactics."

SM: Gandhi's marches in India and the Civil Rights marches
in America— some do die to achieve their goal.

DL: In Buddhism, we do have sacrifice of one's life.

SM: Could you share with us your understanding of Gandhi,
Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, and Mother Teresa?

DL: I always admired Gandhi, his principles and wisdom.
I met many followers of Gandhi— wonderful people.
He was a leader in India, but kept in touch with the masses.
I met the wife of Martin Luther King [Coretta Scott King].
She told me that her husband wanted to wear Indian dress.
I laughed and wondered how he would have looked like.

SM: What about sheltering guerilla fighters?

DL: Very difficult to generalize. Need to assess individual cases
of the movement. This morning they asked about genetic engineering
and cloning. We need to look at them case by case.

SM: Let's look at Tibet— genocide.
Nonviolence is not the way to help Tibet.

DL: We have two options. First, nonviolence.
Second, violence— that's suicide.
We have to live with the Chinese side by side.
It is very essential to carry this movement of nonviolence,
so that later, we can live happily. If we adopt violence
on the Chinese, then Tibetans will also suffer.
Some positive outcome— quite a few Chinese became sympathetic
of Tibetan people. They came to me and expressed themselves.
Nonviolence is the best method. Not seeking independence or autonomy.

SM: If you look at guerilla activity of North Vietnam against
the French and the United States. It succeeded. Why not Tibet?

DL: Inside Tibet, they criticize my approach of nonviolence.
The violence approach— we need substantial weapons.
Not easy to buy weapons and explosives. It's impossible
to ship them through Nepal and India. Or through Burma,
through airdrops via CIA (small laughter in audience).
Easy to say Jihad, but actually much limitations—
too hard and risky. Finally, young Tibetans cried.
I truly believe that nonviolent method is the best.
The Chinese government is still suspicious, but
the Chinese people are sympathetic to us.
With help of famous universities and professors
(turning to Scotty McLennan) maybe we'll succeed [applause].

SM: If you go back to Tibet, will your presence give them hope and unity?

DL: Yes. In early 1980's, there was real hope. In the West, they suggested
to me that this was the prime opportunity, the right time to return and
carry work in Tibet. We discussed it seriously. We have 6 million Tibetans.
A few years ago, I expressed this hope. If Chinese government looked
at the situation closely. If the Chinese looked with open eyes—
we don't want autonomy. Spiritually, we are very advanced,
but can't fill our stomach. We must develop economically.
We will get clear benefit from Chinese materialistically.
Now, all the decision-making in Tibet is done by Chinese,
not Tibetans. They re-named Tibetan places in Chinese language.
All of this are handled by Chinese with total ignorance of
Tibetan culture. Autonomy is best way to preserve Tibetan
culture and ecology. For example, winter wheat is impossible
to grow in Tibetan lowlands. But in highlands it's possible.
The Cultural Revolution damaged the Tibetan way of life.
But the way to develop unity and prosperity is Tibetan autonomy,
and I can serve in that capacity. The Chinese are developing
a lot of buildings. The Central government is employing imported
Chinese people, not local Tibetans. There's economy in Tibet—
Chinese economy, not Tibetan economy. I can't serve much
under that condition. There are two types of messages:
1) I should come to Lhasa. The Tibetans are eager to see me personally.
2) I wanted to see Tibet in 1983. The Chinese government didn't respond
favorably. In 1992, I wanted to go. Again no response. In China, they have
one privilege— allowing the old age people to visit their homeland.
But they call me Satan, anti-Tibetan, and anti-Buddhist.
It will take time for me to return to Tibet.

3:55 pm— Mark Gonnerman, Director of the Aurora Forum:
We will now have questions for your Holiness from the Web.
By way of example, your Holiness have borne your pain and your people.
The Aurora Forum has tried to inspire these lofty ideals.
We have asked Aurora Forum members to submit questions on the web.

Q: Does steady streams of violence sent to children on TV and video games
produce more violence in society? Why violent images are so pervasive on TV?
Should we turn off televison for our children?

A: Turn off TV— then this will be a completely foreign society.
TV news is always shocking news— murder, violence, starvation, scandals.
They should report some balance— positive activities of humanity such as
compassion, community, and tolerance. Thousands of sick people, children,
and old people are taken care of in the world. These are positive things.
TV gives out the wrong message. It's in everybody's interest to have compassion.
Important to cultivate from kindergarten, to develop compassion— feeling
of sincerity and community. Have compassion in one's profession and field of work.
Television as education program is OK. Then sleep.

Q: Difference in religious world view— Emphasis on this life is predominant.
If world view of multiple lifetimes is taken, it would create less anxiety.
The life we're living now is the only one life influences our conduct [moral ethics].

A: That I don't know (laughter & applause in audience).
To some people, much easier to accept just this life— finished, simpler.
On the other hand, if one is serious about the next life—
there will be more concerns, more anxiety.

MG: This is not the answer I expected!

A: In the past, different masters taught different philosophies.
It's easier to accept one life.

Q: Violence erupts through anxiety and stress. Without becoming a monk or nun,
how to cultivate nonviolence in oneself?

A: Many monks and nuns are caught in anxieties. My advice is to live simply.
Then life becomes less complicated. A monk lives the life of a single person,
so his life is simpler. [A normal person's life is like ocean waves—
ups & downs as waves rise & fall. A monk's life is like a calm lake—
little ups & downs as there are few waves.] My translator [Geshe Thupten Jinpa]
can answer this question better. He was a monk, now he's a father. As a monk,
he slept peacefully. Now as a father, his child wakes him up when he's asleep.
Anyone who meditates, can become a more peaceful person.
Peace does not mean no activities. Learn the consequences of your actions.
Things that you can't solve— don't worry. Take another approach.
Too much happiness in life— also not good.
Accept reality. Work hard without losing hope.
With greater determination, accept life's challenges.
Don't say that challenges are not good.
If there are no challenges, then your life is spoiled.
Much depends on one's outlook on life.

Q: A woman wrote that she needs hugging. If one is not touched or hugged,
then one feels isolated and depressed. What's the role of touching & hugging?

A: Medical science shows that after birth, a baby needs a mother or someone's touch.
This is important in the development of a baby's brain. So touch or contact is
the way we start our life. You have some emotional attachment to that person
who gave you birth. The mind is invisible. Physical touch is expression of
closeness. That's human nature. Even animals often lick each other.
Butterflies sometimes touch each other.

Q: We still have capital punishment in the United States. There are violence
inflicted by guards and wardens in prisons. Is imprisonment beneficial for human beings?

A: There is a worldwide movement to abolish the death penalty. I signed the document.
In the name of punishment or revenge, that's wrong. I'm not a legal expert.
I respect each country or state. Abolishing the death penalty is better.
I've seen prison conditions and met prison inmates. My advice to people
who visit prisoners is to teach them peace. In Darjeeling, India, one lady
was transformed while in prison. Society should not reject prisoners.
Prisoners feel rejected from society, so they feel no responsibility.
They must change and have a new hope. Help them to examine themselves.

Q: This is the last question. as you travel around the world, you witness a lot
of pain and suffering. Where does that calmness come from in you?

A: From a wider perspective. There are many reasons to be hopeful.
Sometimes the Tibetans situation looks hopeless.
My mantra: Not seeking independence.
The Chinese mantra: Tibet is not China.
The problem is a man-made problem.
The guests from China came with guns.
Tibetans tell me "99% resent the Chinese."
Now look at the Chinese problem— they're based on Marxist authority.
Look at the Russians— Communist authority over Eastern European countries
was not defeated by Western weapons, but from the masses of people within.
The same has happened in the Philippines and Chile— freedom of speech
and the democratic way of life are cherished by all the people.
People everywhere want a clean government.
Media people should have long nose like an elephant, smell everywhere.
Smell from the front and behind, then reality will be clear.
In a totalitarian society, the government fools their own people.
Now, people from China are more free because of the Internet.
China has changed. Relationship with Tibet, India, and the U.S.
will be better in the longer run. There is some reason for hope.
Look at me— I'm older with less hair... but more wisdom.

4:30 pm— The Dalai Lama's talk was over and the audience stood
to a thunderous ovation. We were told to remain in the pew as His Holiness
leaves Memorial Church via the center aisle. I was fortunate to get a firm
handshake from the Dalai Lama as he walked by and present him with my poetry.

*********************************************************************************

Stanford News Stories on the Dalai Lama:
Dalai Lama brings message of nonviolence on campus visit
["Money and power will not be a full guarantee of a happy life."]
(By Michael Peña, Stanford Report, Nov. 9, 2005)
No suffering in dialogue between Dalai Lama, neuroscientists
[Dr. William C. Mobley: "Can neuroscience, with its tools and concepts, bring
to Buddhism, with its contemplative practice, something useful and vice-versa?"]
(By Mitzi Baker, Stanford Report, Nov. 9, 2005)
* Streaming Video: Dalai Lama and neuroscientists
build bridge between Buddhism & Western medicine

(Stanford School of Medicine, Morning & Afternoon Session, Nov. 5, 2005)
Slide Show: Dalai Lama at Stanford
(Six Photos from Stanford Report, Nov. 9, 2005, pp. 8-9)
Video: Dalai Lama delivers a message of nonviolence
(Real Player or Windows Media Player, Stanford Report, Nov. 9, 2005)
* Dalai Lama visits Stanford
["Negative emotions are actually one of the greatest obstacles of seeing reality clearly."]
(By Barrett W. Sheridan, Stanford Daily, Nov. 7, 2005)
Students learn meditation
["For Buddhists, it is extremely useful to learn from scientific findings, scientific exploration."]
(By James Hohmann, Stanford Daily, Nov. 7, 2005)
Campus anticipates Dalai Lama
[Students who successfully withstood three-hour lines last spring
for tickets to see the Dalai Lama will finally get their opportunity.]
(By Barrett W. Sheridan, Stanford Daily, Nov. 4, 2005)
Photos: ARC/Tibet Donors' Reception
[The Dalai Lama's visit to Stanford University]
(Photos by Michael Ian, ARC Stanford, Nov. 4, 2005)
Photos: ARC/Tibet Luncheon
[The Dalai Lama's visit to Stanford University]
(Photos by Michael Ian, ARC Stanford, Nov. 4, 2005)

Other News Stories on the Dalai Lama:
* Dalai Lama speech sells out
["He has a compassion and a peace and a humility that is not just something he talks about
but something he seems to manifest in his personality. And I think people want to touch that."]
(By Richard Salit, Providence Journal, RI, Nov. 16, 2005)
* Science at the Crossroads
["Both Buddhism and science prefer to account for the evolution and emergence of the cosmos
and life in terms of the complex interrelations of the natural laws of cause and effect.]
(By Dalai Lama, Phayul.com, Tibet, Nov. 15, 2005)
Dalai Lama Links Science, Religion
[Science is particularly important, because it reaches both the religious and
nonreligious and can help identify the factors and forces that promote well-being.]
(By Elizabeth White, TechNews World, California, Nov. 15, 2005)
A Simple Message Of Hope And Peace
[About 16,000 people filled much of MCI Center to hear his talk,
"Global Peace Through Compassion." Nancy Pelosi introduced him.]
(By Mary Beth Sheridan, Washington Post, Nov. 14, 2005)
Science needs morality, says Dalai Lama in US
["It is all too evident that our moral thinking simply has not been able to keep
pace with such rapid progress in our acquisition of knowledge and power."]
(NewKerala.com, India, Nov. 13, 2005)
* Dalai Lama Gives Talk On Science
["It is all too evident that our moral thinking simply has not been able to keep
pace with such rapid progress in our acquisition of knowledge and power."]
(By Marc Kaufman, Washington Post, Nov. 13, 2005)
* OP-ED: Our Faith in Science [If science proves some belief of
Buddhism wrong, then Buddhism will have to change. In my view, science
and Buddhism share a search for the truth and for understanding reality.]
(By TENZIN GYATSO the 14th Dalai Lama, Nov. 12, 2005)
* Health & Science: The Links Between the Dalai Lama and Neuroscience
["My confidence in venturing into science lies in my basic belief
that as in science, so in Buddhism, understanding the nature of
reality is pursued by means of critical investigation."]
(By Jon Hamilton, NPR, Nov. 11, 2005)
Beijing: Bush-Dalai Lama meeting negative
[Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Jianchao: "The Dalai Lama is not a simple or a pure
religious figure. He is a political exile who undertakes secessionist activities abroad."]
(By Reuters, China Daily, Nov. 11, 2005)
Dalai Lama Focuses on Science, Not Politics, During Washington Visit
[Buddhists and scientists have something in common— they both seek to dispel
ignorance with knowledge, gained from experimentation and investigation.]
(By Stephanie Ho, Voice of America News, Nov. 9, 2005)
* For the Dalai Lama, a Meeting of Brain and Mind
["When science proves that Buddhist scriptures are incorrect,
then the scriptures should be rejected."]
(By Marc Kaufman, Washington Post, Nov. 9, 2005)
Dalai Lama reveals his little slice of heaven
[He has a sweet tooth for Dundee Cake made with almonds, raisins,
sultanas and orange peel when he last visited Scotland.]
(By Gareth Edwards, Scotsman, Edinburgh, UK, Nov. 8, 2005)
Taking the Best from East, West: Dalai Lama, Neuroscientists Explore How the Mind Works
[The Dalai Lama once said that he would have been an engineer were he not a monk.]
(By Lisa M. Krieger, San Jose Mercury News, Nov. 6, 2005)
* Scientists, Buddhists meet but don't quite reach nirvana. Dalai Lama speaks
at Stanford symposium as controversial appearance approaches

[Dr. Fields: "A drug that eliminates all cravings might produce a state of coma."
Dalai Lama: "That would be a disaster." Dr. Fields: "The opposite of awakening."]
(By Janine DeFao, San Francisco Chronicle, Nov. 6, 2005)
* STANFORD: Dalai Lama brings his brand of Buddhism.
Tibetan leader explores theme of nonviolence
at Stanford symposium as controversial appearance approaches

["We must live with nonviolent principles, so that later we can live happily."]
(By Dave Murphy, San Francisco Chronicle, Nov. 5, 2005)
LETTERS: Exploring the Brain [Dalai Lama's lecture]
[If the brain is "still as dark as deepest space," shouldn't
we consider sources of illumination from nonscientific sources?]
(By Janet Thorson-Mador, NY Times, Oct. 23, 2005)
* Scientists Bridle at Lecture Plan for Dalai Lama
[544 brain researchers have signed a petition urging the Society for Neuroscience
to cancel Dalai Lama's lecture, because, according to the petition, "it will highlight
a subject with largely unsubstantiated claims and compromised scientific rigor & objectivity."]
(By Benedict Carey, NY Times, Oct. 19, 2005)
Against Dalai Lama's Lecture at Society for Neuroscience 2005 Petition
[Inviting the Dalai Lama to lecture on "Neuroscience of Meditation" is of poor scientific taste
because it will highlight a subject with largely unsubstantiated claims and compromised scientific
rigor and objectivity at a prestigious meeting attended by more than 20,000 neuroscientists.]
(This petition started on August 8 and is complete as of August 10, 2005.)
* What can monks teach scientists?: Psychology professor probes imagery with Dalai Lama
[A monk told him that the Dalai Lama keeps accurate images of more
than 700 gods in his memory. These complicated deities may have
three heads and six arms, each holding a different object.]
(By William J. Cromie, Harvard Gazette, Oct. 9, 2003)
LETTERS: The Dalai Lama's Fans
[The West's embrace of the Dalai Lama gives Tibetans false hopes of autonomy.]
(By David Bario, NY Times, Sept. 25, 2003)
Dalai Lama Lite [The Dalai Lama has become
whoever we want him to be, a cuddly projection of our hopes and dreams.]
(By Patrick French, NY Times, Sept. 19, 2003)
* 'Simple Buddhist monk' fills the Memorial Church:
The Dalai Lama talks sense to devotees, admirers

["We learn affection from our mother, not a guru. The guru comes later."]
(By Ken Gewertz, Harvard Gazette, Sept. 18, 2003)
Dalai Lama slumber party
[Hundreds of Harvard students who turned out as early as 1 a.m. Friday for
tickets to the Tibetan leader's Sept. 15 appearance at the Memorial Church.]
(By Ken Gewertz, Harvard Gazette, Sept. 12, 2003)
Dalai Lama: Holding out hope
[The first thing you notice about the Dalai Lama may not be
his flowing red and gold maroon-robes, but his laughter.]
(By Zhang Lifen, BBC News, Feb. 4, 2003)
Dalai Lama meets former Taiwan president
[Former President Lee Teng-hui bowed deeply when he greeted the Dalai Lama]
(CNN, AsiaNow, April 6, 2001)
The Dalai Lama in U.S. for 15-day visit
[The exiled Tibetan leader has a Tuesday meeting with President Clinton]
(CNN, AsiaNow, June 20, 2000)
Danish premier stands up to China over Dalai Lama
[Responding to Chinese opposition, Danish Prime Minister Poul Nyrup
Rasmussen said on Thursday he will meet the Dalai Lama as planned.]
(CNN, AsiaNow, April 21, 2000)

Biographies & Interviews with the Dalai Lama:
His Holiness the Dalai Lam
(By Tenzin N. Tethong, Director of ARC Tibet, Stanford University, 2005)
INDEPTH: The Dalai Lama Interview
[I always believe right from the beginning, must avoid violence.]
(By Hana Gartner, CBC News Online, Apr. 16, 2004)
Dalai Lama: Secular Ethics
[Practice of love, compassion, forgiveness, contentment for a happy life.]
(Talk at Fleet Center, Boston, Sept. 14, 2003)
An exclusive interview with His Holiness the Dalai Lama
[Compassion automatically brings happiness and calmness. Then, even if you
receive disturbing news, it will be easier to take, as your mind is still.
But if you are agitated, even a minor happening will upset you greatly.]
(By Parveen Chopra and Swati Chopra, Life Positive, August 2001)
The Mindful Monk - Dalai Lama - Interview
[One should investigate & reflect upon the destructive effects of anger
on one's health, one's family relationships and in society, repeatedly
until it becomes part of one's deeper understanding in controlling anger.]
(By Howard C. Cutler, Psychology Today,  May 2001)
An Long Trek to Exile For Tibet's Apostle
[I like Wittgenstein, "the I is what is deeply mysterious"]
(By The Dalai Lama, Time Magazine, Vol. 154, No. 12, Sept. 27, 1999)
The Dalai Lama
["The antidote to hatred in the heart, the source of violence, is tolerance."]
(Interviewed By Robert Thurman, Mother Jones, Nov.-Dec. 1997)
The Private Dalai Lama
[For me personally, the tonal and rhythmic elements of poetry are crucial.]
(By Ron Gluckman / Dharamsala, February-March 1996)
My Son, the Dalai Lama
[He was different from my other children. He was always
packing his clothes and saying he was going to Lhasa.]
(By Diki Tsering, Beliefnet.com, Viking Press)

Web Sites on The Dalai Lama:
His Holiness The Dalai Lama
(The Government of Tibet in Exile: Biography, Books, Messages)
Wikipedia: Dalai Lama
(List of Dalai Lamas, History of Tibet, External Links)
Beliefnet.com: Dalai Lama
(In His Own Words, Articles, Books, Featured Links)
CNN: The Dalai Lama: A spiritual leader in exile
(Reports, News on Tibet, Resources, Newsbank, Photo Essays, Photos, Links)
Dalai Lama: Nobel Prize 1989
(Biography, Press Release, Presentation Speech, Nobel Speech, Acceptance Speech, Nobel Synmposia)
His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama visits Harvard
(Sept. 2003: Photo Gallery, Real Video/Quicktime, Transcripts, Gazette stories)



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