Dove & Brush News On This Day

May 28, 2003
Happy 78th Birthday to
Gerald D. Fasman
In appreciation,
by Peter Y. Chou

San Francisco, May 28, 1937—
Golden Gate Bridge Opens to Vehicular Traffic

Golden Gate Bridge opens to vehicular traffic at twelve o'clock noon, when President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressed a telegraph key in the White House to announce the event to the world. The Bridge opened ahead of schedule and under budget. On the previous day, May 27, the bridge opened to pedestrian crossing. Joseph P. Strauss, the chief architect wrote this poem The Mighty Task is Done. upon completion of the Golden Gate Bridge in May 1937. Frequently Asked Questions. Historic Photos.

May 28, 585 B.C.— Solar Eclipse Ends War
Greek philosopher Thales of Miletus (624-547 B.C.) predicts solar eclipse which ended the Persian-Lydian War. Herodotus (484-425 BC) reported it in his Histories: “During the 6th year of their fighting, the day was all of a sudden changed into night. This event had been foretold by Thales, the Milesian, who forewarned the Ionians of it, fixing for it the very year in which it took place. The Medes and Lydians, when they observed the change, ceased fighting, and were alike anxious to have terms of peace agreed on.” An total solar eclipse occurred on the same day— May 28, 1900. 1900 Solar Corona. About Eclipse. Historical Eclipses. Eclipse in History. Eclipses in History & Literature. Solar Eclipse (1900-2100). Solar Eclipse List.

May 28, 1892— Sierra Club Founded by John Muir in San Francisco for conservation of nature. With 182 charter members, John Muir was elected first President. In its first conservation campaign, Club leads effort to defeat a proposed reduction in the boundaries of Yosemite National Park. Sierra Club Timeline. John Muir Exhibit. FAQ.

“Everybody needs beauty as well as bread, places to play in and pray in, where nature may heal and give strength to body and soul alike.”
— John Muir, The Yosemite (1912)

May 28, 1934— Dionnes Quintuplets Born in Ontario.
In a small town of Corbeil, Ontario, Elzire and Oliva Dionne gave birth to the Dionne Quintuplets: Annette, Cecile, Emilie, Marie, and Yvonne. They were born two months premature and were the first quintuplets known to have survived infancy. Each weighed less than two pounds, and were taken from their family and cared for by the Canadian government. They became a popular "tourist attraction" during the depression era. Later, the Dionne Quintuplets went their separate ways to lead separate lives.

May 28, 1963— Hawaiian 2 Missionary Stamp Cover of 1851 Sold for $41,000— a World Record for Postage Stamps. Bought at an H. R. Harmer auction by the Raymond Weill Co., of New Orleans. This cover has an interesting philatelic history. This stamp is thought to have some bearing in a murder which took place in Paris many years ago. Back in 1892, a man by the name of Gaston Leroux, owned the 2 Missionary stamp. Later Mr. Leroux was found murdered in his apartment, apparently without any motive. Upon checking his stamp collection, a detective found that the 2 Hawaiian stamp missing. Mr. Leroux was a good friend of a man named Hector Giroux, who lived in Hawaii. Giroux lacked the 2 value, which would complete his Missionary collection. Some time later, after eliminating several people, the detective paid a visit to Mr. Giroux. After the detective discovered the 2 Missionary stamp, Giroux confessed that he had killed his friend in order to obtain the 2 value to complete his collection. In 1995, the unique 2 Hawaiian Missionary cover, was sold by Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries, Inc. for a record $2,090,000.

May 28: Born on this day

1660 George I, King of England (1714-1727)
1738 Joseph Guillotin, French physician & guillotine inventor
1759 William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister (1783-1801, 1804-1806)
1779 Thomas Moore, Irish poet, satirist, composer, musician
1807 Louis Agassiz, Swiss naturalist, geologist, teacher
1818 Pierre Gustave Beauregard, U.S. Confederate General
1837 Tony Pastor, U.S. vaudeville entertainer
1879 Milutin Milankovic, Yugoslavian astronomer)
1884 Edvard Benes, Premier, President of Czechoslovakia (1921-22, 1935-48)
1888 Jim Thorpe, Olympic Gold: decathlon, pentathlon 1912; baseball, football
1896 Warren Giles, Tiskilwa, IL, Baseball National League President (HOF 1979)
1906 Phil Regan, American singer (My Wild Irish Rose) (song)
1908 Ian Fleming, British Author (James Bond)
1912 Patrick White, Australian novelist (Nobel laureate 1973)
1916 C. Wright Mills, U.S. sociologist (Power Elite)
1916 Walker Percy, Birmingham, Alabama, U.S. writer
1917 Barry Commoner, Brooklyn, NY, biologist (Science & Survival)
1925 Gerald D. Fasman, Alberta, Canada, biochemist, Prof. Emeritus, Brandeis
1925 Martha Vickers, Ann Arbor, MI, actress (Man I Love)
1931 Carroll Baker, Johnstown, PA, actrss (Carpetbaggers, Baby Doll, Harlow)
1934 Dionne Quintuplets (Annette, Cecile, Emilie, Marie, Yvonne), Ontario, Canada
1938 Jerry West, NBA superstar (LA Lakers, Olympics Gold 1960)
1944 Gladys Knight, Atlanta, GA, lead singer of the Pips (Last Train)
1944 Rudy Giuliani, Mayor of New York City (1994-2002)
1947 Sondra Locke, Shelbyville, TN, acress (Heart is a Lonely Hunter)
1957 Kirk Gibson, Michigan, baseball outfielder (Tigers, Dodgers, 1988 NL MVP)
1967 Glen Rice, NBA guard/forward (Charlotte Hornets, Houston Rockets)

May 28: Events on this day

  585 BC Thales Miletus predicts solar eclipse; Persian-Lydian War ends
1156 Battle at Brindisi— Sicily King Willem defeats Byzantine fleet
1533 British Archbishop declared King Henry VIII's marriage to Anne Boleyn valid
1539 Hernando de Soto lands in Florida
1608 Claudio Monteverdi's Arianna premieres in Mantua
1754 George Washington defeats French & Indians at Fort Duquesne, Pittsburgh
1818 First steam vessel to sail the Great Lakes launched in Detroit
1843 Noah Webster, U.S. writer & lexicographer, dies at 84
1851 Sojourner Truth attends Women's Rights Convention
1892 Sierra Club founded by John Muir in San Francisco
1898 Shroud of Turin first photographed by Secundo Pia in Turin Cathedral
1900 Solar Eclipse occurs over Europe
1900 Chinese Boxers attack Belgian staff at Fengtai railroad station
1915 John Gruelle patents Raggedy Ann doll
1918 Armenia declares Independence (stamp)
1929 First all color talking picture On With the Show exhibited (NYC)
1931 Piccard's balloon reaches the stratosphere of 52,462 feet
1937 San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge opens to vehicular traffic
1937 Neville Chamberlain becomes British Prime Minister
1938 Paul Hindesmith's opera Mathis der Maler premieres in Zurich
1940 Belgium surrenders to Germany forces during World War II
1940 British-French troops capture Narvik, Norway from the Germans
1940 Irving Berlin's musical Louisiana Purchase premieres in NYC
1941 First night game, Washington DC, Griffith Stadium (Yankees 6, Senators 5)
1946 First night game at Yankee Stadium (Senators 2, Yankees 1)
1951 Willie Mays gets his 1st hit ( homer off Warren Spahn) after going 0-for-12
1953 First animated 3-D cartoon in Technicolor Melody premieres
1954 Alfred Hitchcock's film Dial M for Murder opens in New York
1955 Fess Parker's Ballad of Davy Crockett slips to #2
          after 8 weeks on top of music chart
1955 Roy Hamilton's Unchained Melody 2nd week on top of music chart
1955 Eddie Arcaro rides Nashua to victory in 1:54.6 in 81st Preakness race
1956 Dale Long of Pittsburgh Pirates becomes first to hit homers
          in 8 straight games in 3-2 win over Dodgers at Forbes Field
1957 National League: B'klyn Dodgers' & NY Giants' move to West Coast
1961 Amnesty International is founded (Nobel Peace Prize 1977)
1961 After 78 years, Orient Express makes its last trip from Paris to Bucharest
1963 Beach Boy's Surfin' USAhits #3 on music chart
1963 Hawaiian 2c Missionary stamp (1851) sold for $41,000— a world record.
1964 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 9th String Quartet
1964 Jawaharlal Nehru cremated in New Delhi, India
1966 Dmitri Shostakovich's 11th String Quartet premieres in Leningrad
1967 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 2nd Violin Concerto
1967 Sir Francis Chichester sails solo around the world in Gypsy Moth IV yacht
1971 Paul McCartney releases his 2nd solo album Ram
1972 Duke of Windsor (King Edward VIII) dies in Paris at age 77
1978 Al Unser becomes 5th to win Indianapolis 500 three times
1982 Leonard Maltin's first appearance on TV's Entertainment Tonight
1982 Pope John Paul II is the first Pope to visit Great Britain
1987 Stephanie Petit, aged 13, wins National Spelling Bee with staphylococci.
1987 Mathias Rust, 19, West German pilot, lands illegally in Soviet's Red Square
1991 Ethiopian rebels captures Addis Ababa ending Marxist rule
1993 Newly independent Eritrea becomes a member of the United Nations
1995 Earthquake kills 2,000 people on Sakhalin Island, Russia
1995 Epidemic of the deadly Ebola virus kills 153 people in Zaire
2002 NATO formally welcomed Russia in Rome as a participant,
          but not a full-fledged member

May 28: Quotes on this day—

we must not judge the nations of the south, which Heaven has treated so benevolently, by our standards... when one considers the abundance of fish and sea food which the ocean provides, the abundance and variety of fruits and vegetables at every season of the year, when one remembers that the region around Naples is deservedly called "Terra di Lavoro" (which does not mean the land of work but the land of cultivation) and that the whole province has been honored for centuries with the title "Campagna Felice"— the happy land— then one gets an idea of how easy life is in these parts

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Italian Journey, May 28, 1787 (Naples)

At least admire the great virtues, even if you are not strong enough yourself to be truly virtuous! Dufresne said that he is capable of devotion to all great things, but that he sees the emptiness of them, that they are nothing, in fact. I feel the contrary. I pay them homage, but I am too weak to do them. My business is quite different.

Eugene Delacroix, Journal, Friday, May 28, 1824

All these last days have flowed away rapidly, half occupied with work and half with going out; but there has been much less of the later thing, because of the rain that we are having these last two or three days. Sometimes I want to throw Poussin out of the window, sometimes I pick him up again with fury or, at other times, in a more reasonable way.

— Eugene Delacroix, Journal, Sunday, May 29, 1853

A bad day. I did scarcely any work; took a solitary walk in the evening. Painted a short time on the Christ on the Sea: impression of the sublime and of the light.

— Eugene Delacroix, Journal, May 29, 1854

Nothing bizarre, nothing whimsical will endure. Nature is ever interfering with Art. You cannot build your house or pagoda as you will but as you must. Gravity, Wind, sun, rain, the size of men & animals, & such other aliens have more to say than the architect. Beneath the almighty necessity therefore I regard what is artificial in man's life & works as petty & insignificant by the side of what is natural. Every violation, every suicide, every miracle, very wilfulness however large it may show near us, melts quickly into the All, & at a distance is not seen. The outline is as smooth as the curve of the moon... A writer must have l'abandon, he must be content to stand aside & let truth & beauty speak for him, or he cannot expect to be heard far.

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journal, May 28, 1836

I behold; I bask in beauty; I await; I wonder; where is my Godhead now? This is the Male & Female principle in Nature. One Man, male & female created he him. Hard as it is to describe God, it is harder to describe the Individual. A certain wandering light comes to me which I instantly perceive to be the Cause of Causes. It transcends all proving. It is itself the ground of being; and I see that it is not one & I another, but this is the life of my life. That is one fact, then; that in certain moments I have known that I existed directly from God, and am, as it were, his organ. And in my ultimate consciousness Am He. Then, secondly, the contradictory fact is familiar, that I am a surprised spectator & learner of all my life. This is the habitual posture of the mind— beholding. But whenever the day dawns, the great day of truth on the soul, it comes with awful invitation to me to accept it, to blend with its aurora. Cannot I conceive the Universe without a contradiction?

— Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journal, May 26, 1837

There is no history: There is only Biography. The attempt to perpetuate, to fix a thought or principle, fails continually. You can only live for yourself: Your action is good only whilst it is alive— whilst it is in you. the awkward imitation of it by your child or your disciple, is not a repetition of it, is not the same thing but another thing. The new individual must work out the whole problem of science, letters, & theology for himself, can owe his fathers nothing. There is no history; only biography.

— Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journal, May 28, 1839

Old Age. Sad spectacle that a man should live & be fed that he may fill a paragraph ever year in the newspapers for his wonderful age, as we record the weight & girth of the Big Ox or Mammoth girl. We do no count a man's years until he has nothing else to count.

— Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journal, May 28-29, 1840

We live with such different velocity. We are not timed with our contemporaries. We cannot keep step. One man is thinking of Plato & his companion is thinking of lobsters.

— Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journal, May 1846

Immortality. I notice that as soon as writers broach this question they begin to quote. I hate quotation. Tell me what you know.

— Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journal, May 1849

The old woman who was shown the telegraph & the railroad, said, "Well, God's works are great, but man's words are greater!"

— Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journal, May 1851

If Minerva offered me a gift & an option, I would say give me continuity. I am tired of scraps. I do not wish to be a literary or intellectual chiffonier. Away with this jew's rag-bag of ends & tufts of brocade, velvet, & cloth of gold; let me spin some yards or miles of helpful twine, a clew to lead to one kingly truth, a cord to bind wholesome & belonging facts.

— Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journal, May 1854

In the acceptance that my papers find among my thoughtful countrymen, in these days, I cannot help feeling how limited is their reading. If they read only the books that I do, they would not exaggerate so wildly.

— Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journal, May 26, 1865

I sit in my boat on Walden, playing the flute this evening, and see the perch, which I seem to have charmed, hovering around me, and the moon travelling over the bottom, which is strewn with the wrecks of the forest, and feel that nothing but the wildest imagination can conceive of the manner of life we are living. Nature is a wizard. The Concord nights are stranger than the Arabian nights... Heaven lies above, because the air is deep.

Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 27, 1841

The trees now begin to shade the streets. When the sun gets high in the sky the trees give shade. With oppressive heats come refreshing shadows. The buttercups spot the churchyard.

— Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 28, 1851

White thorn and yellow Bethlehem-star (Hypoxis erecta).

— Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 28, 1852

A rose in a garden... To Lupine Hill by boat. The carnival of the year commencing— a warm, moist, hazy air, the water already smooth and uncommonly high, the river overflowing, and yellow lilies all drowned, their stems not long enough to reach the surface. I see the boat-club, or three or four in pink shirts, rowing at a distance... Already the ringing croak of a toad begins to be heard here and there along the river, and the troonk of a bullfrog from time to time.

— Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 28, 1853

It would be worth the while to ask ourselves weekly, Is our life innocent enough? Do we live inhumanely, toward man or beast, in thought or act? To be serene and successful we must be at one with the universe. The least conscious and needless injury inflicted on any creature is to its extent a suicide. What peace— or life— can a murderer have?... The inhumanity of science concerns me, as when I am tempted to kill a rare snake that I may ascertain its species. I feel that this is not the means of acquiring true knowledge.

— Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 28, 1854

The apple bloom is very rich now... Large yellow and black butterfly... I have seen within three or four days two or three new warblers which I have not identified; one today, in the woods, all pure white beneath, with a full breast, and greenish-olive-yellow above, with a duskier head and a slight crest muscicapa-like, on pines, etc., high; very small.

— Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 28, 1855

A seringo or yellow-browed sparrow's nest about ten or twelve rods southwest of house-leek rock, between two rocks which are several rods apart northwest and southeast; four eggs... A cricket creaks.

— Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 28, 1856

Rain again in the night, and this forenoon, more or less. In some places the ground is strewn with apple blossoms, quite concealing it, as white and thick as if a snow-storm had occurred.

— Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 28, 1857

I get the nest of the turtle dove above named, it being deserted and no egg left. It appears to have been built on the foundation of an old robin's nest and consists of a loose wisp of straw and pinweed, the seedy ends projecting, ten inches long, laid across the mud foundation of the robin's nest, with a very slight depression. Very loose and coarse material is artifially disposed, without any lining or architecture... hear for a long time, as I sit under a willow, a summer yellowbird sing, without knowing what it is. It is a rich and varied singer with but few notes to remind me of its common one, continually hopping about.

— Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 28, 1858

Low blackberry in bloom on railroad bank. At the extreme east side of Trillium Wood, come upon a black snake, which at first keeps still prudently, thinking I may not wee him— in the grass in open land— then glides to the edge of the wood and darts swiftly up into the top of some slender shrubs there— Viburnum dentatum and alder— and lies stretched out, eying me, in horizontal loops eight feet high.

— Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 28, 1859

Along the edge of Warren's wood east of the Cut, see not only the chestnut-sided warbler but the splendid Sylvia pardalina. It is a bright yellow beneath, with a broad black stripe along each side of the throat, becoming longish black marks crescentwise on the fore part of the breast leaving a distinct clear bright-yellow throat, and all the rest beneath bright-yellow; a distinct bright-yellow ring around eye; a dark bluish brown apparently all above; yellowish legs. Not shy; on the birches.

— Henry David Thoreau, Journal, May 28, 1860

Just now the men from the wharf are going home— such an intriguing sight. I hear them already early in the morning; I think there are about 3,000 of them, and the sound of their footsteps is like the roaring of the sea. This morning I bought a small engraving, "Tobias" after Rembrandt, from a Jew for 6 cents.

Vincent Van Gogh, Letter to Theo, Amsterdam, 28 May 1877

Last winter you wrote that in my watercolours of that time you found some parts which you thought more satisfactory in colour and tone than before. And you said something like "if you stick to that." Now you will certainly see how very decidedly I shall stick to that, and how the qualities of those watercolours are even more emphasized in what I have painted since. Just now I finished a figure of a weaver standing in front of a loom, and one sees the machine in the background. And I am working on a view of the pond at the back of our garden!

— Vincent Van Gogh, Letter to Theo, Nuenen, late May 1884

My dear Walt: We are well here, the season is backward, the leaves not fully out yet; indeed the oaks and even some of the maples and elms have scarcely begun to come out yet— however the asylum grounds look lovely, we have had a great deal of rain and the grass and the young leaves are exquisitely fresh and green. Affectionately Yours

Richard Maurice Bucke (1837-1902)
     Letter to Walt Whitman, London, 28th May 1883
     Richard Maurice Bucke, medical mystic
     (Edited by Artem Lozynsky)
     Wayne State University Press, Detroit, 1977, pp. 86-87

Born on May 28:

Gerald D. Fasman
Rosenfield Professor
of Biochemistry
Brandeis University
Emeritus Professor
Born May 28, 1925
Drumheller, Alberta
On the Number 78

William Pitt,
the younger

born May 28, 1759
Kent, England
Prime Minister
(1783-1801, 1804-06)

Thomas Moore

born May 28, 1779
Dublin, Ireland
Poet & Composer
Biography; Poems;
Moore's Kegworth House

P.G.T. Beauregard

born May 28, 1818
St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana
U.S. Confederate General
(1783-1801, 1804-06)
Biography; Fall of Fort Sumter

Edvard Benes

born May 28, 1884
Rakovnik, West Bohemia
Czech President (1935-1948)
Biography; Benes Book

Ian Fleming

born May 28, 1908
London, England
Spy Novelist
James Bond;
Art of James Bond;
007 News;
Thus Spake 007

Patrick White
born May 28, 1912
Knightsbridge, London
Writer, Nobel 1973
Autobiography; Biography

Walker Percy

born May 28, 1916
Birmingham, Alabama
American writer
Walker Percy Project;
Bio & Bibliography;
Book Chapter; Exhibition

Jerry West
born May 28, 1938
Chelyan, West Virginia
Basketball All-Star
Hall of Fame;
Career Highlights

Rudy Giuliani
born May 28, 1944
Brooklyn, New York
NYC Mayor (1994-2002)
Person of the Year 2001;
Biography; Knighthood

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© Peter Y. Chou,
P.O. Box 390707, Mountain View, CA 94039